Sometimes, you might want to cultivate a bonsai tree with a pleasant aroma and glossy leaves. In such circumstances, your best option would be the lemon tree. It is a citrus tree that can be transformed into bonsai quite easily.
Many bonsai cultivators prefer the lemon tree for its beautiful spring flowers and dark green leaves. You also get a tree variety that can survive under full sunlight, which is incredible. When correctly pruned, your bonsai will produce edible fruit that has similar characteristics to the regular-sized lemon fruit.
Materials Used to Plant Lemon Bonsai
To create the perfect lemon tree bonsai, you will need the following materials:
1. Citrus fruit
You need to pick a citrus fruit that you prefer, including mandarin oranges, Meyer lemons, and limes. However, avoid getting the seedless type because they have been genetically altered. We need to work with an organic fruit to get the best results.
2. Potting soil
With lemon tree bonsai, the regular garden soil in your yard will do just fine. You could, however, go for the prepackaged potting soil if you need to see good results. The prepackaged potting soil contains the right amount of nutrients and doesn’t have any weed seedlings.
Ensure that you get a shallow tray or container that is 6 to 12 inches deep.
4. Plant pot
Get a large size plant pot to accommodate your lemon tree bonsai adequately. Ensure that you find a design that suits your indoor environment.
Identify a warm location that is close to a window or use your garden. This will depend on whether you want an indoor or outdoor bonsai.
Creating a Lemon Tree Bonsai – Step by Step Procedure
Step 1: Prepare the planter
Start by watering your potting soil adequately, ensuring that it is moist when you touch it. You can then proceed to pack and place the potting soil into the designated tray. Leave a half-inch space at the trim.
Step 2: Grow the seedlings
Take your chosen lemon fruit and cut it into half to take out the seeds. It would help if you then rinsed the seeds using clean water to get rid of any juice or excess fruit pulp. Doing this ensures that fungi or mold do not fester and destroy your plant.
The seeds need to be wet and moist when you plant them in the pre-moistened soil. Place the seeds about half-inch deep in the soil, leaving a space of about 2 inches between them. Cover the area with plastic to ensure that the seeds are kept moist and warm.
Step 3: Select seedling
In about two weeks, you will start noticing sprouts. Remove your plastic cover and take your tray to a spot with sufficient sunlight. The soil needs to be kept moist, but you need to avoid flooding it. In a month, uproot the weak seedlings to leave enough nutrients for the remaining.
After about two months, your seedlings should be fully grown, and you can proceed to select the best for your bonsai.
Step 4: Start planting
Put 2 inches of pebbles at the bottom of your ornamental pot before you start the planting procedure. These small pebbles ensure that your pot has proper drainage. Fill the pot with suitable potting soil and leave a one-inch space at the trim.
Dig up your selected seedling appropriately while avoiding any damages to the roots. Re-plant it in the larger pot and add a few pieces of wood or rocks for artistic purposes.
Step 5: Begin training
Begin training after one year when your seedling is strong enough. This step needs extra care if you want to get all the desired shapes right. Use a metal wire to bend the branch and trunk to the desired positions carefully. You could also use a string to weigh down the trunk and branches.
Step 6: Pruning
You can start pruning six months after training your lemon tree bonsai. Pruning encourages branches to grow out instead of growing up.
A lemon bonsai will keep all the characteristics of a regular lemon tree but in a smaller version. Using the above procedure, you will get a beautiful lemon tree bonsai that is worth the effort. Ensure that you create a watering schedule and carry out regular checkups.