The Bald Cypress is one of the most fascinating shade trees in nature. It has many potential benefits, including conservation of the soil, protection of the soil’s humus content, prevention of erosion, and shade, to name but a few!
It is important to know how to care for this wonderful tree. In this article, we will examine the various steps and strategies to nurture the Bald Cypress to maturity.
Bald Cypress Bonsai Description and General Information
The Bald Cypress is generally a tall tree. Its bark is a reddish-brown color, and its leaves are needle-shaped. These leaves develop an auburn color in the fall prior to dropping to the ground.
This tree is native to Central America and the southern United States. It grows abundantly in Guatemala, Mexico, and the US states of California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. Outside these areas, it is mainly found in zoos, parks, and botanical gardens. In nature, the tree grows to a maximum height of around 35 meters (100 feet).
How to Care for a Bald Cypress Bonsai Tree
Below are the steps you should take to care for the Bald Cypress Bonsai tree:
Positioning Your Bald Cypress Bonsai
Generally speaking, this is a tree that thrives in the outdoor environment. If you have to keep it indoors, this should only be for a limited duration of time. Never keep it indoors during the natural dormancy period as that is when it requires plenty of sunshine to germinate above the soil.
During its formative or germination stages, the tree requires plenty of warmth and light. For that requirement to be fulfilled, you have to place it in full sun. If the germination happens in the winter, you should place it indoors and protect it from frost.
Watering Your Bald Cypress Bonsai
Its water needs vary with the seasons. The needs peak in the summer months, due to the extremely high temperatures and the similarly higher rates of evaporation. You should thus make sure that you supply sufficient amounts of water at such times. Preferably, you should place the tree on top of a shallow bowl filled with water.
Fertilizing Your Bald Cypress Bonsai
The Bald Cypress requires fertilizer to thrive and grow to its full extent. You should furnish the fertilizer in the spring and early winter; never fertilize your tree in the fall or summer. Fertilize the tree once a week and taper the fertilizer at least once a week or more in the springtime.
Pruning & Wiring Your Bald Cypress Bonsai
Like any other tree, the Bald Cypress has to be pruned in order to thrive. Wait until the new shoots have started growing laterally, then trim them using the secateurs. This should be done in the fall or early spring. Refrain from doing this too early, as early pruning might cause irreversible damage to the plant.
Training Your Bald Cypress Bonsai
To help the trees grow well and unhindered, you should adopt a variety of training methods. Below are some of the methods that have been used and consistently noted to deliver good results:
- Tie the branches off to hold them in the desired location.
- Cut a V-shaped notch in the ‘armpit’ to bend the branch downwards.
- Plant the tree in a group to come up with desirable styles.
- Cut the trunk to a desired or manageable height.
Repotting Your Bald Cypress Bonsai
With time, the trees will overgrow the pots where they are planted. Thus, they should be regularly repotted. This should happen every two years for younger trees and every three to five years for elderly ones. The exercise should be accompanied by pruning the roots.
Keep your tree’s roots as moist as possible to prevent the withering of the plant. This is an exercise that should happen in the early spring, when the rates of precipitation are high enough to maintain the desired moisture content of the soil.
Common Bald Cypress Bonsai Pests and Diseases
Like any other tree, the Bald Cypress is prone to a variety of pests and diseases. We have listed some of the most common pests and diseases below:
These are aphids that attack the roots from below. Since they are invisible to the naked eye, they can only be detected by examining the leaves and the branches for the signs of drying. They can only be mitigated by seeking expert interventions. This should be done in a timely manner, as any delays may have far-reaching ramifications.
Cedar-apple rust affects those Bald Cypress trees that grow within a ½ mile radius of apple or crabapple trees. This rust is mainly transmitted by the winds that carry the spores to the Bald Cypress. To mitigate this issue, you ought to prune the leaves and the branches.
This is a common pest that affects indoor and outdoor Bald Cypress trees alike. The spider feeds on the foliage of the tree and is largely resistant to common pesticides. To combat it, you should think of introducing predatory mites. Examples of these include the Phytoseiulus per-similus.
Twig & Tip Blight
Twig & tip blight is a fungal infection that mainly affects the leaves and the branches of the Bald Cypress. To bring the issue under control, all you need to do is prune the affected portions of the plant. This will prevent the fungus from spreading to the other portions of the trees.
Citrus Longhorned Beetles
Native to the Koreas, Citrus Longhorned Beetles also affect this tree. They feed on the bark, the leaves, and the petioles of the trees. These beetles emerge mostly in late spring. You are advised to start early to minimize the spread of the infections to the other parts of the tree.
We will now examine a variety of the most popular Bald Cypress trees.
Bald Cypress – Taxodium distichum – Healthy Established Roots – 1 Gallon Trade Potted – 1 Plant by Growers Solution
This tree is healthy and hardy. Its roots are firmly anchored and well-established. Moreover, it grows healthy and strong year-round.
Bald Cypress Tree (Jumbo)
When fully-grown, this tree achieves a massive size. That makes it well able to add more shade than your ordinary Bonsai can give.
Bald Cypress Tree – Conifer Healthy Established Rooted
This is an evergreen plant that sheds all its leaves in the fall, hence the designation ‘bald.’
Bald Cypress – Taxodium distichum – 3 – Year Plant
Though this starts out as a delicate tree, it grows into an extremely tough tree able to withstand various risks.
Bald Cypress Tree Quart Pot (Taxodiun distichun)
This is by far the smallest and most compact of the trees listed here. Nonetheless, this one often lasts longer because it fully anchors itself into the ground when planted.