Beginning your bonsai growing journey can seem daunting. Fear not! Several varieties of indoor bonsai are easy to care for. These are the perfect trees for anyone who is new to the bonsai art or is considering taking care of a bonsai tree. Indoor bonsai are perfect for brightening up a home at a low cost. The following trees are low maintenance, but still so beautiful! In this article, we will be talking about how to care for the Ficus, Fukien Tea, Sweet Plum, Jade, and Hawiian Umbrella bonsai.
The most popular indoor bonsai tree is the Ficus. With between 800 and 2000 species, the two main varieties of this tree are the Ficus Ginseng and the Ficus Retusa. These tropical trees can grow up to 1000 feet tall in nature. Ficuses are evergreen trees or shrubs that leak milky sap from their wounds. Some may even grow flowers, but not all of them are visible.
The Ficus Ginseng has a thick trunk and oval, dark green leaves. They are commonly associated with their thick roots. The other popular Ficus species is the Ficus Retusa. They are well known for their S-shaped trunk, and have the same oval, dark green leaves as the Ginseng.
Fukien Tea (Carmona) Bonsai
The Carmona, or Fukien Tea, is a very popular species from China. Named after the Fukien province in Chinese Fujian, it is also popular in Australia, Indonesia, Taiwan, and Japan. It is used for Penjing in China and bonsai in many Western countries.
This southeast Asian tree is well known for the flowers that grow on it almost all year. These flowers are white, and their small structure is desirable on a bonsai. Red, green, or black berries often grow from these flowers. Tiny hairs cover the bottom of the leaves, while small white dots extend over the tops.
Sweet Plum (Sageretia) Bonsai
Sageretia, also known as sweet plum or bird plum, bonsai are dainty subtropical shrubs. They are native to Asia but are also very common in North America. While ideal for beginners, this tree is easy to under-water, which can be harmful to its growth.
Their thin branches rest on a smooth, dark brown trunk. Bark on their trunks peels away in irregular patches, which leaves young, light brown bark in its wake. Clusters of white-yellow flowers often appear in the late summer, followed by the growth of little blue fruit.
Jade (Crassula) Bonsai
Another common indoor shrub is the Jade, or Crassula, bonsai. Native to South Africa, the Jade species grows naturally in dry, desert climates. This makes the tree suitable for being grown as an indoor tree.
This beautiful tree has a wide trunk and thin branches. On these branches are the succulent’s oval, thick, green leaves. If it has experienced a drought in the previous season, the tree may produce little white flowers in the fall. In the beginning of the tree’s life, the bark is soft and green, but it matures into a reddish brown.
Hawaiian Umbrella (Schefflera) Bonsai
One of the easiest indoor bonsai to care for is the Hawaiian Umbrella, or Schefflera, species. These trees are native to Australia, but are also common in southeast Asia. Usually, the Dwarf Hawiian Umbrella is used for bonsai growing, rather than the full sized counterpart.
Their ability to live in an environment with little light and low humidity makes the Schefflera a great option for those who are not particularly skilled when it comes to growing plants. As an evergreen shrub, these trees have compound leaves and a thin trunk. Wiring is not a training technique that works well on these trees. To spice up the look of the tree, you can graft aerial roots onto it.
These are just a few of the best indoor bonsai trees to grow. There are literally thousands to choose from! Some, like the Ficus and the Hawaiian Umbrella, are a little easier to care for than others, like the Fukien tea bonsai. However, you cannot go wrong with any of these trees. Each and every one is special and beautiful in their own way. Even if you’re starting off with little to no experience, you can become a bonsai expert in no time!