Having a beautiful bonsai tree indoors doesn’t have to be hard! Indoor bonsai trees are either tropical or subtropical, so they do great indoors as long as they’re properly watered. There are some indoor bonsai trees that are particularly easy to care for. Here we will talk about Ficus, Chinese Elm, Jade, Fukien Tea, and Hawaiian Umbrella bonsai trees.
Caring for Indoor Bonsai Trees
Bonsai trees have a few care guidelines that should be followed in order for the tree to thrive. The main problem that bonsai growers face is dehydration. Your tree’s soil should be checked every day. If the soil is dry, water generously until water begins to drip out of the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. After the water finishes dripping, water once more. These trees also need plenty of light, which can be difficult to achieve, but it can be done. If you place your tree in front of a south facing window and add artificial lighting if necessary, your plant will thrive. To keep your humidity level up, try opening your windows to allow air to circulate during the day.
With somewhere between 800 and 2000 species, the Ficus is the most common indoor bonsai for beginners. This tropical tree likes temperatures above 50 degrees Fahrenheit all year round. Ficus trees respond very well to pruning. In fact, it is crucial in maintaining the shape of the tree. These trees also respond well to wiring.
Popular Ficus species include the Ficus Ginseng and Ficus Retusa. The Ficus Ginseng has a thick trunk which is similar to the Ginseng root. Ficus microcarpa leaves are often grafted onto this tree. Ficus Retusa bonsai have s-shaped trunks and dark green oval leaves.
Chinese Elm Bonsai
Chinese Elm trees are quite common in southeast Asia. In nature, these trees grow up to 80 feet tall! Their small, double-toothed leaves make this tree an ideal bonsai tree. This tree also responds very well to pruning. While the Chinese Elm grows well in full sun, it can also grow well in partial shade. Occasionally, the tree’s leaves may fall, and this may be due to insufficient water or light.
The Jade bonsai have thick trunks with thin branches and green oval leaves. Little white flowers can sometimes appear if the tree has gone through a drought during the season. The tree’s bark is soft and green when young, and it ages into a reddish-brown.
These trees prefer full sun indoors with no shade. You’ll know the tree is getting enough light when the leaves or the tips of the leaves turn red. Jade trees hold lots of water in their leaves, so they don’t need to be watered often. These trees should be pruned regularly in order to keep the water-filled branches from bending.
Fukien Tea Bonsai
Originally from China, this tree is very common in Australia, Indonesia, Japan, and Taiwan. The tops of the dark green leaves have small white dots, and the bottom of the leaves are covered in hairs. Sometimes little berries will grow all year round.
Fukien Tea trees need lots of light and temperatures above 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Do not expose these trees to cold or frosty air. These trees are fairly picky when it comes to watering. They do not like droughts, but they also do not like wet soil. Fukien Tea trees do not take pruning well. Young shoots are very tender and older branches are brittle and hard.
Hawaiian Umbrella Bonsai
Hawaiian Umbrella bonsai trees are very easy to care for. They can survive with dim lighting and low humidity, but be sure to keep the trees above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The tree’s trunk is thin, and its leaves sit on long petioles. Wiring is not a technique that works for this tree because the tree has no hard wood or rough bark.
Temperatures from 65 degrees to 72 degrees Fahrenheit are preferred, but the Hawaiian Umbrella can survive in lower temperatures. This tree likes moist soil, but in the winter, it can be watered less often. Pruning can be done so long as it is done properly. Be careful with branches as they can easily break if bent too strongly.
Any of these trees would be great for beginners. These are the least picky, easiest to care for indoor bonsai trees. Happy growing!