A miniature tree that bears fruit is one of the most beautiful bonsai growing projects. The apple tree makes a perfect fruit-bearing bonsai tree. The tree is well known for its dense form, green leaves, and beautiful fragrant flowers. There is great beauty in watching miniaturized apples blossom on the tree. Unlike some other bonsai trees, the apple requires quite specialized care. So, how does one care for the apple bonsai tree?
How to Care for the Apple Bonsai Tree
These growing tips for apple bonsai are crucial for a flourishing tree. Some of the fundamental care procedures include positioning, watering, fertilizing, training techniques, and disease and pest control. Let’s look at the following tips for growing the apple tree bonsai.
The Positioning of the Apple Bonsai
Positioning plays a vital role in the survival of the bonsai. Since the apple tree is a fruit-producing bonsai tree, a lot of sunlight is essential. While it can be grown indoors, I would recommend you find an exceptionally sunny location for the plant. In USDA zones eleven and twelve, the apple bonsai tree can be grown outdoors in full sunlight or under a shade. The apple bonsai tolerates summer heat well, and it flowers in this season. However, the roots of the outdoor-grown apple bonsai should be mulched for protection against cold temperatures.
Apple Bonsai Watering Tips
Apple bonsai need careful watering, especially during the summer. Since the plant flowers and bears fruits in summer, it will need a substantial amount of water. When the apple bonsai is exposed to the sun, you should water it daily. However, ensure that the soil is not waterlogged; just make the soil moist while watering. Take caution when watering the apple bonsai during its flowering period. The flowers are quickly spoiled by the water, with pollination affected as well.
Fertilizing Tips for the Apple Bonsai
With the small size of the apple bonsai canopy, the plant can barely make its food; hence, fertilizing is essential. Frequent watering can also wash away most of the nutrients in the soil. For the health of the apple bonsai, one should fertilize the plant at least twice a month with special bonsai fertilizers, especially liquid bonsai fertilizers. However, fertilizing should be stopped when the apple bonsai starts to bear fruit. With the winter period comes a slower nutrient intake by the apple bonsai tree. Therefore, one should fertilize the plant once in a month with low- or no-nitrogen feed in the winter months.
Training Techniques for Apple Bonsai
When training the apple bonsai tree, you will need professional skills or help from a professional bonsai gardener. Pruning is one of the important steps in training your apple bonsai tree. You should prune for training during autumn or early in spring. Wiring the bonsai tree is also a good way to help your apple bonsai branches stay in the desired shape. Through this technique, one can anchor the apple bonsai branches, pulling them to new directions as a training process.
Dealing with Apple Bonsai’s Pests and Diseases
One of the most common infestations in the apple bonsai tree is mildew. In some cases, mildew may be caused by poor air circulation and excessively humid conditions. Aphids may also appear during the growing season, especially when you are using nitrogen-based fertilizers. To combat mildew infestation, you should spray the apple bonsai tree with sulfur fungicides. Commercial sprays against aphids are helpful in fighting the aphids. In most cases, one treatment for the apple bonsai is enough to keep your tree free from the common pests and diseases.
Flowering bonsai trees like the apple are wonderful for offering fresh new looks in different seasons. The apple bonsai tree blooms with fragrant and lovely flowers as well as bearing small fruits. The apple bonsai tree growing tips discussed above are crucial for optimal care for the tree. While caring for the apple bonsai seems to involve a lot of work, the end product is a beautiful and healthy bonsai tree.