It is undeniable that flowers and fruits add to the beauty of the environment. With bonsai gardening, the beauty of an orchard can be brought right in your living room in a miniaturized way! There are several ways to turn an apple tree into a perfect bonsai tree, including apple seeds and apple cuttings. Here, I will offer tips on how to grow an apple bonsai as well as discussing care tips for a healthy bonsai tree.
Growing Apple Bonsai Trees
Great bonsai gardeners go an extra mile of growing their trees instead of buying them. If you need to grow apple bonsai trees, you can use apple seeds or apple cutting. Since apple trees are not self-pollinating, you need at least two apple plants of a different type for your bonsai to bear fruits. Let’s look at both ways to learn how to turn an apple tree into a perfect bonsai tree.
Growing Apple Bonsai through Cuttings
To grow apple bonsai from cuttings, you will have to access healthy apple trees for your cuttings. The apple trees should be of different types, as noted above. When harvesting your cuttings, you should use a sterile cutter; a diagonal cut is preferred while harvesting cuttings. Then, you should place your cuttings in water immediately after harvesting them to prevent air from entering the cuttings’ stems.
Patience is key, since you need to allow the cuttings to develop roots. You may also use grafting techniques to produce good roots. When healthy and thick roots have grown, you can transfer the cuttings into their pots. You should water the cuttings daily to keep the roots moist.
Growing Apple Bonsai from Seeds
On the other hand, one may develop apple bonsai trees from apple seeds. To start this off, you need to collect seeds of different apple trees. Dry the seeds’ outside shells using a dry paper towel. You will need now to cover your dry seeds with a damp paper towel and place them in a sealable plastic bag. Apple seeds grow roots and sprout during winter; hence, you need to simulate seasons in your growing environment. To do so, keep your sealed seeds in the refrigerator for about seventy-five days under temperatures between forty and fifty degrees Fahrenheit. Doing this in winter is recommended for aligning the seed growth with its most preferable season.
When the allotted time has elapsed, remove the seeds from the refrigerator for planting. You will need some neutral pH soil with no fertilizers in which to plant the seeds. I recommend that you do the following after planting the seeds:
Water the seeds immediately to allow the soil to settle quickly around the seeds.
Ensure the soil stays moist.
Place your pot near the window or an environment with temperature matching or above room temperature.
As the seedlings grow over several weeks, water them daily.
We now have growing apple bonsai trees, but that’s not all. For a healthy and beautiful apple bonsai, special care is required. So, what are some common care tips for an apple bonsai?
Caring for Apple Bonsai After Planting
When it comes to caring for the apple bonsai, think of its growing position, watering, fertilizing needs, pruning, and training. The apple bonsai needs to be watered frequently, with water needs rising when the tree begins bearing fruit. Under-watering and over-watering should be avoided, with the soil kept moist and never dry. For optimal growth, the apple tree bonsai require feeding at least twice a month using balanced fertilizers. However, when the tree starts bearing fruit, stop feeding it.
We need to keep the apple plant miniature, so good skills in pruning are essential. Apple trees are best pruned in the spring; use clean pruning shears to keep the apple bonsai miniature. While pruning may be used as a training method, I recommend that you use wiring as the perfect training method. Through wiring, you can shape the apple bonsai in the spring season, before new leaves and buds emerge. You also need to keep your apple bonsai free from common pests and diseases such as mildew and aphids.
As evidenced in the tips above, you don’t need to purchase an apple bonsai. You can grow it on your own! However, developing the apple bonsai tree from seeds or cuttings is not an easy task. Caring for the apple bonsai is a lifelong obligation, but you can use the beautiful tree for decoration in your office, balcony, or living room.