There is nothing quite as beautiful as a flowering bonsai in full bloom. Styling and shaping flowering trees should be done just the same as regular bonsai trees. These trees need to be planted in shallow containers, watered, and repotted just like every other bonsai tree. The main differences between flowering and non-flowering trees is the amount of light and the type of fertilizer they need, and the fact that they need to be pruned after blooming.
Popular Flowering Bonsai Trees
There are so many flowering bonsai trees to choose from. They range from regular trees to fruiting trees, white flowers to purple flowers. The most common, well-known flowering bonsai is the Azalea tree, but other popular trees include the pomegranate, snow rose, hawthorn, and more!
Azalea’s (also known as Rhododendron indicum) are base dominant trees, which is very different from most species. A base dominant tree just means that the branches at the lower portion of the tree are stronger than the apex, which is the top of the tree. Because of this, the apex should not be heavily pruned. Azalea’s should be pruned every summer after flowering. If you want your tree to flower the next year, do not prune much after flowering.
Species like the crab apple, firethorn, hawthorn, blackthorn, and flowering quince flower on short shoots. On these trees, you can shorten longer shoots, but try to leave all short shoots on the tree.
Pomegranate, snow rose, Chinese quince, bougainvillea, potentilla, and lagerstroemia trees and others are examples of species that grow flowers at the ends of their new shoots. To allow the shoots to flower, do not trim these young shoots until after they have flowered.
Trees that grow abundant amounts of flowers should have their flowers thinned out otherwise your tree can become increasingly weak. Flowers should be distributed evenly throughout the tree and should all be around the same size. We recommend pruning the smallest and the largest flowers off the tree to maintain the tree’s look of balance.
How to Grow a Flowering Bonsai
When growing a flowering bonsai tree, it is crucial that you pick a tree that will survive in your climate. Tropical and subtropical bonsai trees grow best indoors because they need high temperatures and high humidity. Growing a tree that is indegioness to your area is recommended, so if you see your favorite flowering tree in your area, try growing it is a bonsai tree!
Once you have decided what tree you want to grow, it is time to buy your tree.
You can buy a pre-bonsai, which is a bonsai tree that has not been pruned or wired at all. Essentially, pre-bonsais are blank canvases that you can style exactly the way you want.
Another option is buying a ready-made bonsai, which is the exact opposite of a pre-bonsai. Ready-made bonsai trees are already pruned and wired and ready to go.
A cheaper option is to cultivate a bonsai tree yourself using cuttings or seeds. While this option is cheaper, it will take much longer, about 3-5 years, to be able to style and shape your tree.
How to Care for Flowering Bonsai
All bonsai trees are different, but there are some guidelines that can be followed for every bonsai tree. Watering and repotting requirements are the same for these trees as every other bonsai tree, but fertilizing and light needs are slightly different.
Flowering bonsai trees need fertilizer with a low Nitrogen content and high Phosphorus and Potassium content. Also make sure these trees get lots of light. Don’t let the soil dry out, water as soon as the soil gets slightly dry. Don’t let the flowers on these trees get wet, as this will cause them to wilt.
Flowering bonsai trees are beautiful all year round, when in bloom and when not in bloom. There are so many trees to choose from, whether they are locally growing trees or fruit trees or imported trees from Japan. You can choose to grow these trees from seeds or buy an already grown tree from an online store. There are some special requirements these flowering trees need, but overall the care needs are very similar to those of regular bonsai trees. We hope you enjoy caring for your beautiful flowering bonsai tree!