Rhododendron is one of the tree families with multiple species ideal for home plantation. One of the most preferred species in this tree family is the azalea species. Some of the outstanding features that make this tree stand out as the best for Bonsai are its evergreen color, beautiful flowers that remain on the tree for longer as compared to other tree species, and easy maintenance.
This plant was first grown in China and Japan, and still primarily grown in these two countries. It is classified in the category of the miniature trees and is grown in pots. Therefore, this plant is solely dependent on a human for care throughout its life.
Keeping Azalea Bonsai Trees Outdoors
Well, Azalea Bonsai trees are recommended for outdoor since they require a cool or cold environment. But, note that you can display the tree on the indoors maybe during special occasions, although it should not be left indoors for many days. You have to prevent the trees from overgrowing through dormant growth, which is done during the winter seasons. This process takes roughly three months in total. This can be done in two different ways which include:
Bury the tree on the ground while in a container, and fill with soil to the rim. In this case, mulch to the level of the first branches of the tree. Ensure the plant is placed in a place that is not windy and sunny.
The other method is placing the tree in the unheated area, preferably in an enclosed garage that has no heating. Ensure there is no light penetrating this area.
For the remaining seasons which are the spring, summer, and autumn, the plant can be placed on the outdoors area since the dormancy process is completed in winter.
Watering Azalea Bonsai Trees
Just like other plants, azalea Bonsai trees require watering. Always water this plant when the soil gets dry, mainly if the tree is receiving direct sunlight. Other factors like the soil you have planted the tree on and the size of the pot determines the amount of water the tree requires. Some soils do not retain water while others do. Also, the larger the pot, the more water will be needed for the tree and vice versa. Watering should be done softly to avoid disturbing the soil or exposing the tree roots.
Fertilizing Azalea Bonsai
Azalea bonsai trees require fertilizing for replenishing purposes considering the tree grows in a small space (the pot). The soil will also need nutrients to boost the better and healthy growth of the tree. The liquid fertilizer is the best option to apply to the tree, and it should be done occasionally, preferably twice a month. You can also spray the tree
with foliage feeder monthly to boost its strength and growth. Note that fertilizing should be done on a rare basis during the dormancy period ( winter seasons).
Pruning Azalea Bonsai
A lot of people wonder if these trees are pruned, considering they are small in size. Well, pruning is recommended for all types of trees, including azalea, to pave the way for the growth of the stronger and healthy tree. For azalea, pruning is done on the lower branches as they are much stronger than the top branches. This also paves the way for better growth of stronger branches on the lower area to support the tree.
Azalea Bonsai Training Techniques
The techniques include all the art related to Bonsai, and you should ensure you understand them properly before handling the tree. If you are unable to handles these care techniques, consider hiring a professional tree therapist to do it for you. These techniques include;
Repotting Azalea Bonsai
Reporting of azalea is done periodically, depending on the growth of the tree roots. If you notice the tree roots have filled or are about to fill on the pot, make sure to repot it. This is done to ensure the tree gets fresh soil and enables it to establish a sound root system. Move the tree together with the old ground to the new pot when repotting. The root mass should be trimmed through raking the soil when repotting.
Propagating Azalea Bonsai
This is the process of cutting off the tree stems and allowing it to grow roots for multiplying the growth of the tree. This process is mainly done in spring and summer because the branches tend to produce roots at a higher rate and faster during the hot and warm seasons. Ensure the cut stems are not openly exposed to the high temperatures by covering them with transparent objects.
Common Azalea Pests
Although azalea is not infested by insects as often as other plants, you should keep checking it too. Some of the insects that may damage this tree are the spider mites and vinyl weevil, which tend to eat the leaves. The miniature size of the tree makes it easy to check and even notice in case the tree is affected by these insects and diseases.
Azalea bonsai tree is an excellent tree species for planting in your home area. Taking care of this tree is quite easy and comfortable, due to its small size. Read through the above essential steps to follow when caring for this plant. Also, get more ideas on how to care for this tree by reading various Bonsai tree care websites.