Contrary to popular belief, bonsai trees are not genetically dwarfed. They are just plants grown under certain conditions to ensure that they do not reach full size. They comprise a wide variety of trees. Each tree species has its specific requirements for growth, from cultivation to care. There are different types of bonsai trees. These include the following:
Indoor bonsai trees
Unlike many other house plants, most bonsai species are meant to grow outside. They require ample and direct sunlight to grow and flourish. However, some species can tolerate indoor conditions, which makes them top the list of favorites for house or office decorations. Examples of suitable indoor bonsai trees include the following:
Ficus bonsai trees
There are many species of Ficus trees, but two species are most appropriate for bonsai, as they don’t require much maintenance and care. One of them is the Ficus benjamina, which is a fast-growing evergreen tree. It has lush foliage with fascinating roots.
The other species is the Ficus neriifolia. It is a willow-leafed tree that has thin leaves. These trees also have a substantial root spread.
Umbrella bonsai trees
This is another well-known evergreen bonsai tree. It also has other names such as the parasol plant or the octopus tree. Its umbrella appearance makes it look beautiful in a bonsai pot.
Also known as Schefflera arboricola, the umbrella bonsai buds back on old and worn-out wood. Therefore, these trees require heavy pruning to achieve the desired shape. However, many people do not prefer them since they do not develop an entire woody trunk.
Outdoor bonsai trees
Many bonsai tree varieties need to be kept outside to experience all four seasons. These varieties do not thrive when placed indoors. Care and maintenance practices for outdoor bonsai, including frequent watering and fertilizer addition, are quite different from those for indoor trees. Some of the most favored outdoor bonsai species include the following:
Japanese maple bonsai trees
These trees are highly recommended for bonsai beginners. They do not require much care. They have delicate leaves in shades of gold, red (during autumn), and orange.
The Japanese maple bonsai tree performs well when grown in sunny environments. These trees are mostly grown outside, but they should be protected from frost or scorching days.
Juniper bonsai trees
The juniper bonsai trees are a species within the cypress family. These coniferous trees are evergreen, with foliage color ranging from light green to dark blue-green colors. The leaves appear needle-like when the tree is young.
Flowering bonsai trees
These are the bonsai species that fascinate almost all bonsai lovers. They are treated and styled using the same techniques as other species of bonsai, making them easy to grow. However, they should be pruned on time and allowed to get enough sunlight in order to produce the desired flowers.
Fruiting bonsai trees
Anyone who has ever had fruit fresh from a tree will tell you that it is much better than anything from the store. However, the space to grow such trees might be limited, and that is where the fruiting bonsai trees come in. Even though the bonsai plant is smaller, it will still produce full-size fruits. They make the perfect solution if you want to enjoy fresh fruit but have limited space.
Bonsai trees are beautiful, bringing nature right into your space. Why not go ahead and enjoy your own bonsai tree? It can be quite easy.