Contrary to popular belief, bonsai trees are not genetically dwarfed. They are just plants that are grown under certain conditions to ensure that they do not become so big. They comprise of a wide variety of trees. Each tree species has its specific requirements for growth, from the cultivation to care. There are different types of bonsai trees: indoor and outdoor.
Indoor bonsai trees
Unlike many other house plants, most bonsai species are meant to grow outside. They require ample and direct sunlight to grow and flourish. However, some species can tolerate indoor conditions, which makes them top the list of favorites when you want to get the house or office decorations. These trees are tropical or subtropical, meaning they need consistently high temperatures and high humidity all year round. Getting enough light can be difficult, but can be achieved with artificial light. Examples of suitable indoor bonsai trees are Ficus and Umbrella.
Ficus bonsai trees
Despite having very many species, two species are most appropriate to grow as they don’t require much maintenance and care. One of them is the Ficus benjamina, which is a fast-growing and evergreen tree. It also has lush foliage with fascinating roots. With between 800 and 2000 species, this tree is the most popular type of bonsai tree.
The other species is the ficus neriifolia. It is a willow-leafed tree that has thin leaves. They also have a substantial root spread.
Umbrella bonsai trees
This is another famous evergreen bonsai tree. It also has other names such as the Parasol plant or the Octopus tree. Its umbrella appearance makes it look great in a bonsai pot.
Also known as Schefflera arboricola, the umbrella bonsai buds back on old and worn out wood. Therefore, they require heavy pruning to achieve the desired shape. However, many people do not prefer them since they do not develop an entire woody trunk.
Outdoor bonsai trees
Many are the tree varieties that require to be kept on the outside and experience all four seasons. They, therefore, cannot do very well when place in the house. Outdoor bonsai trees have dormancy periods in the winter and these dormancy periods cannot be achieved indoors. Their care and maintenance are also different from indoor potted plants. This includes frequent watering and fertilizer addition. Some of the most favorite outdoor bonsai include Japanese Maple and Juniper.
Japanese maple bonsai trees
They are highly recommended, especially to those people who are just starting to develop bonsai tree hobby. They do not require so much care. They also have delicate leaves with conscious shades of gold, red (during autumn), and orange.
The Japanese maple bonsai tree performs really well when they are grown in sunny environments. That is why they are mostly grown outside. They, however, should be protected from frost or scorching days.
Juniper bonsai trees
The juniper bonsai trees are a species within the cypress family. With somewhere between 50 and 70 species, this is another very popular bonsai tree. These coniferous trees are evergreen with their foliage color ranging from light green to dark blue-green colors. The leaves appear needle-like when the tree is young.
Flowering bonsai trees
These are the bonsai species that fascinate almost all bonsai lovers. The fact that they are treated and styled using the same techniques as other species of the bonsai trees makes it even easier to grow them. However, they should be pruned on time and allowed to get enough sunlight for them to produce the desired flowers.
Fruiting bonsai trees
Anyone who has ever had a fruit right after it had been picked from a tree will tell you that it is by far much better than the ones you get from the store. However, the space to grow such trees might be limited, and that is where the fruiting bonsai trees come in. Even though the plant is smaller, it will still produce full-size fruits. They, therefore, make the perfect solution for you if you want to enjoy fresh fruit but have limited space.
Bonsai trees are beautiful. They bring the greater natural trees to the right into your space. Why not go ahead and your desired bonsai tree and enjoy it? It is quite easy.