Different Kinds Of Bonsai Trees

Different Kinds Of Bonsai Trees


Bonsai Trees

Contrary to popular belief, bonsai trees are not genetically dwarfed. They are just plants that are grown under certain conditions to ensure that they do not become so big. They comprise of a wide variety of trees. Each tree species has its specific requirements for growth, from the cultivation to care. There are different types of bonsai trees: indoor and outdoor.


Indoor bonsai trees

Unlike many other house plants, most bonsai species are meant to grow outside. They require ample and direct sunlight to grow and flourish. However, some species can tolerate indoor conditions, which makes them top the list of favorites when you want to get the house or office decorations. These trees are tropical or subtropical, meaning they need consistently high temperatures and high humidity all year round. Getting enough light can be difficult, but can be achieved with artificial light. Examples of suitable indoor bonsai trees are Ficus and Umbrella.


Ficus bonsai trees

Despite having very many species, two species are most appropriate to grow as they don’t require much maintenance and care. One of them is the Ficus benjamina, which is a fast-growing and evergreen tree. It also has lush foliage with fascinating roots. With between 800 and 2000 species, this tree is the most popular type of bonsai tree.

The other species is the ficus neriifolia. It is a willow-leafed tree that has thin leaves. They also have a substantial root spread.


Umbrella bonsai trees

This is another famous evergreen bonsai tree. It also has other names such as the Parasol plant or the Octopus tree. Its umbrella appearance makes it look great in a bonsai pot.

Also known as Schefflera arboricola, the umbrella bonsai buds back on old and worn out wood. Therefore, they require heavy pruning to achieve the desired shape. However, many people do not prefer them since they do not develop an entire woody trunk.


Outdoor bonsai trees

Many are the tree varieties that require to be kept on the outside and experience all four seasons. They, therefore, cannot do very well when place in the house. Outdoor bonsai trees have dormancy periods in the winter and these dormancy periods cannot be achieved indoors. Their care and maintenance are also different from indoor potted plants. This includes frequent watering and fertilizer addition. Some of the most favorite outdoor bonsai include Japanese Maple and Juniper.


Japanese maple bonsai trees

They are highly recommended, especially to those people who are just starting to develop bonsai tree hobby. They do not require so much care. They also have delicate leaves with conscious shades of gold, red (during autumn), and orange.

The Japanese maple bonsai tree performs really well when they are grown in sunny environments. That is why they are mostly grown outside. They, however, should be protected from frost or scorching days.


Juniper bonsai trees

The juniper bonsai trees are a species within the cypress family. With somewhere between 50 and 70 species, this is another very popular bonsai tree. These coniferous trees are evergreen with their foliage color ranging from light green to dark blue-green colors. The leaves appear needle-like when the tree is young.


Flowering bonsai trees

These are the bonsai species that fascinate almost all bonsai lovers. The fact that they are treated and styled using the same techniques as other species of the bonsai trees makes it even easier to grow them. However, they should be pruned on time and allowed to get enough sunlight for them to produce the desired flowers.


Fruiting bonsai trees

Anyone who has ever had a fruit right after it had been picked from a tree will tell you that it is by far much better than the ones you get from the store. However, the space to grow such trees might be limited, and that is where the fruiting bonsai trees come in. Even though the plant is smaller, it will still produce full-size fruits. They, therefore, make the perfect solution for you if you want to enjoy fresh fruit but have limited space.


Bonsai trees are beautiful. They bring the greater natural trees to the right into your space. Why not go ahead and your desired bonsai tree and enjoy it? It is quite easy.

How Do Bonsai Trees Stay Small

how do bonsai trees stay small


How Bonsai Trees Stay Small

Whereas this is usually a somewhat tricky question to ask, it without a doubt has an answer. What I know is that bonsai trees are generally small because we want them to be small-sized. When I trap the bonsai tree root in a pot, it means it will have a stunted growth hence making it small in size. Furthermore, the bonsai pots do not allow the trees to expand but this depends on the bonsai pot I will be using. Bonsai trees in smaller pots are usually small compared to those in larger containers.


Bonsai Wire Training

I use bonsai wire training because it is a vital method best for styling and training bonsai trees. When I wrap the wire around the tree branches am very much able to reposition as well as bend the branch. I usually do wiring in winter when the tree has shaded its leaves, enabling me to work very quickly. It will take a few months for the tree to get the required new shape, so I always pay close attention to remove the wires on time to avoid the creation of ugly scars.

Moreover, I also make use of the appropriate material while wiring, with this typically either annealed copper or anodized aluminum. These two types of material serve different purposes; copper is for pines and conifers, while aluminum is for deciduous. For starters, I would recommend you to use anodized aluminum since it is very easy to find on the market as well as to work with. However, during the use of these wires, I always make sure I protect the branches from being damaged. Therefore, I recommend that you first wrap the branches with raffia that has been soaked in water before commencing to wire the bonsai tree.


Kengai Bonsai Training

This type of training is for bonsai trees that are struggling to get enough light for its leaves. It is one of the most challenging methods to understand, so the main agenda for Kengai training is to create branches facing down along with upward-facing leaf pads on a downward trunk. However, most people usually mix things up when implementing it, resulting in not the intended outcome. If you do it properly, you will end up with the best results ever, and this will give an excellent impression from the pot.


Seki-joju Bonsai Training

Bonsai trees are forced to look for nutrients either in holes or cracks. Their roots are usually unprotected before reaching the ground; therefore, they need to have some defense mechanism in the sun. Seki-joju training comes along with some benefits, among them, is giving a good impression and image of the landscape and also a sense of age and struggle. On the other hand, it also has some disadvantages; Seki-joju can fail to give the image I want; for example, if I select a rock which is not appropriate chances of it giving me a poor image are very high.


Pruning Bonsai Trees

Just like any other tree or flower requires pruning, so does bonsai trees do. I prune bonsai trees to give it a designated size, shape as well as an appropriate style and enable it to provide an excellent impression to the eye. Furthermore, by pruning, I help the plant to keep its aesthetic value and the entire health status plus boosting its longevity. However, pruning varies with the type of bonsai training. For me to do pruning, there are several tools I require, such as:

Pruning scissors
Concave cutters

Then I identify the parts of my bonsai tree that needs to be pruned, especially the parts that are crowded to allow enough light to penetrate all the parts of the bonsai tree. Furthermore, annual remove half the new growth to balance and make my bonsai tree sizeable and well-shaped using a pruning scissor. Additionally, when I am doing away with large branches, I use concave cutters since the scissor is for thinning as well as trimming deciduous trees.


Based on the above information, I hope you have been able to understand how bonsai trees grow small and the reason why this is the case. Consequently, you are better-placed to understand thanks to this comprehensive guide I have taken you through to know whether this tree is a perfect fit for you.