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Bonsai Species

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How To Protect Bonsai In Winter

Bonsai growers should know how to manage bonsai during winter. Proper bonsai care is an unquestionable requirement in order to help your bonsai thrive. With that in mind, you should remember that the winter is the time for your tree to rest. In this post, you’ll get familiar with how to protect your bonsai during cold atmospheres or winter time. Let’s get started! 

What Kinds of Bonsai Trees Need Protection in the Winter? 

We have four types of bonsai trees divided in terms of cold hardiness: 

  • Semi-Tropical Bonsai trees

The semi-tropical trees can endure moderate ice and cooler temperature for a short timeframe. 

  • Tropical Bonsai trees

These bonsai trees should be protected during winter, and they can be taken indoors. 

  • Hard Bonsai trees 

The hard bonsai can endure extraordinary cold without causing physical damage. 

These trees can handle cold temperature without doing any damage to the roots. 

Setting Up Your Bonsai For Winter 

  • Prior to winter 

It is advisable to put the bonsai tree outside to get an ideal daylight exposure required for growth before encountering the dormancy time frame. Let the bonsai adequately prepare for its dormancy period by fertilizing it. Abstain from pruning the parts of the bonsai two months before the cold season as it may not have adequate time to heal, making the tree powerless. 

  • During winter 

During the dormancy time frame, you may transfer outdoor bonsai trees to a cold, dull location. Hard species can be left outside as long as they have satisfactory protection. When growing indoors, it isn’t necessary to give your tree too much light as long as the temperature is about 50 degrees. Permit your bonsai tree to experience the early stick to trigger its cool hardiness system; this will ensure that it does freeze if the temperature drops. 

In case you prefer not to leave your bonsai outdoors, you can put it in a fridge to give it the required conditions. The correct fridge temperature for bonsai is between 35 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. 

  • After winter 

When there are no indications of intense cold that may damage the roots, you may set your tree directly in the soil in your garden or, in the event that you want to transplant it, in a gig container. Prune it to bring forth the natural beauty of your bonsai. 

How to Protect Your Bonsai During the Winter 

  1. Cover your tree 

Cover your tree with fabric or newspaper folded over the outside of the bonsai. Plastic and other coverings effectively direct temperature and promote heat. When the sun rises, remove the fabric and the plastic immediately to keep leaves from getting burned. 

  1. Know the right bonsai species for you 

Know your bonsai species so that you can determine whether you should put it in or out during winter. In the event that you are growing a tropical bonsai, shift it to a nursery, since it anticipates a warm temperature. 

  1. Give enough lighting 

Growing light is essential for your tree to achieve its maximum growth. It is advisable to put the bonsai close to the window so that it can still get daylight; thus, it should not need too much UV light from the grow lights. 

  1. Proper watering 

When growing outdoors, make a point to watch proper watering. Recollect that your bonsai won’t need much water during the dormancy time frame. 

  1. Deal with the root system of your tree 

When the bonsai sheds its leaves, it keeps its food in the roots.That is the reason why you should ensure that the roots are well taken care of. 

  1. Check your tree for pests on a regular basis

The dormancy time frame is the perfect time for you to check if your bonsai is already plagued with the pest for early detection and treatment. 

Conclusion 

Proper information on how to take great care of your bonsai during winter is essential. Bonsai trees, even the hardy ones, are versatile as they develop indoors or outdoors. All that will depend on conditions you are going to provide mostly in winter.

Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Flowing Bonsai Trees, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

How To Grow Japanese Wisteria Bonsai

Many bonsai enthusiasts love shrubs and vines that highlight flowers rather than branches or foliage of the plant. The wisteria or the Wisteria frutescens grows in the United States Department of Agriculture hardiness zone 6 to 9. Furthermore, it is considered the most popular vine when it comes to growing bonsai. The Japanese wisteria bonsai displays some beautiful purple flowers which tend to bloom up to 12’’. This means that it is best to grow wisteria as large plants (2 to 3 feet tall for a perfect visual balance). In this article, we shall be discussing how to grow Japanese wisteria bonsai.

How to Grow Japanese Wisteria Bonsai

· Create softwood cutting from the wisteria plant during summer when growing a new bonsai. It is highly recommended to cut the softwood root when the temperature is above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

· Once that is done, you will take the shoot and plant it in a bigger container. By doing so, you will be giving the roots ample space to extend as time progresses. You will then place your container in partial shade; this will allow the branches and trunk to thicken. You will move it to a bonsai pot once the plant has aged and thickened.

· If you desire a new shape, you will start styling your bonsai’s trunk using a wire; you should perform this process with utmost care. It is best to start training it when its root system is well established. It would be best if you shaped the branches by pruning it only. When not cared for, the branches can snap easily despite having a pliable feeling.

· You will transfer your wisteria bonsai tree to a larger container. Use the soil that was used in growing the bonsai when it has grown to 2 feet tall. Your bonsai should have an older tree resemblance despite it being a miniature.

· As you repot your bonsai tree, you should consider pruning the old dead roots along with some live new roots for it to fit perfectly in your pot. By doing so, you will be putting it in a mature, growing phase, which tends to encourage more flowering and produce less vegetation.

· Once the flowering has finished, you should consider repotting your bonsai each year. Most bonsai trees are repotted in early spring prior to new growth. However, when you repot wisteria earlier, it will suffer significantly.

Where to Position Your Japanese Wisteria

It would be best if you considered placing your Japanese wisteria in the shade. However, ensure that it has access to sunlight, especially during morning and evening hours.

Watering Your Japanese Wisteria

Japanese wisteria bonsai requires an excellent water supply when growing, particularly before and after the blooming cycle. Consider setting the pot in a tray of water; this will allow the tree to take the amount of water it requires. Once the topsoil becomes wet, the tray should be removed.

Fertilizing Your Japanese Wisteria 

Japanese wisterias are considered some of the greatest feeders when it comes to bonsai. However, it would be best if you feed your tree with a low nitrogen fertilizer since they trap their nitrogen from the atmosphere. You will promote foliar growth when you feed it nitrogen-rich fertilizer. 

Training Your Japanese Wisteria 

You can train your Japanese wisteria to come up with a shape that will best suit your needs. To do this, you will require performance wiring. By doing so, you will be able to create the desired style and shape; however, this should be done before the blooming phase is complete.

Common Japanese Wisteria Pests and Diseases

There is no doubt that wisteria is a hardy and fast-growing tree; however, it is prone to root rot. Usually, this occurs when the tree is exposed to excess moisture. To prevent this from occurring, you should consider watering your plant when the soil is dry. In addition to that, Japanese wisteria tends to suffer fungal infections such as powdery mildew and leaf spot. To prevent this, you should consider removing the affected leaves early enough. 

Conclusion

Growing a Japanese wisteria bonsai tree is relatively easy; by following the above-discussed tips, you will be able to grow one with the utmost ease. As we conclude this article, we hope that it has been of great help to grow the Japanese wisteria bonsai tree.

Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Indoor Bonsai Trees, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

Juniper Bonsai Sun Requirements

juniper bonsai

Juniper bonsai is by far the most popular evergreen miniature tree in the United States. This is because the tree features one of the most beautiful designs. Juniper bonsai includes more than 50 different species, with Needle juniper and Chinese juniper bonsai trees being some of the most popular. In addition to their popularity, taking care of these bonsai trees is relatively easy.

Light is an essential requirement in plants’ life, and bonsai are no different. As a result, in this article, we shall be discussing Juniper bonsai sun requirements.

Juniper Bonsai Sun Requirements

Juniper bonsai requires more than four hours of sunlight a day. Therefore, you should consider placing it in a location where it has ample access to sunlight. It is highly advisable to place your juniper bonsai outside throughout the year. However, during the winter season, you should consider protecting your juniper bonsai once the temperature drops below -10 degrees Celsius or 14 degrees Fahrenheit.

Some juniper bonsai species tend to change foliage color in frosty seasons to purple-brown; this is said to be its frost protection mechanism. Their foliage will turn back to green during the spring season. It would be best if you always kept in mind that juniper bonsai require an ample supply of sunlight (not less than four hours a day).

Juniper Bonsai: Indoor or Outdoor? 

Should juniper bonsai be kept indoors or outdoors? This is a question most individuals with juniper bonsai tend to ask themselves. Since juniper bonsai require ample supply of sunlight, it is highly recommended to place your bonsai outside; this will allow it to have the maximum supply needed for sunlight per day. However, you might consider bringing your bonsai indoors during special occasions so you can display it in a prominent place. Ensure that your bonsai does not remain indoors for over a few days at a time. This is because the atmosphere is one of the greatest detriments to your bonsai’s health. 

Where to Place the Juniper Bonsai in Your Yard

How To Care For a Juniper Bonsai Tree

By now, you probably have understood that juniper is an incredible miniature tree, and it is best grown outdoors. Therefore, you should consider placing your miniature tree in your yard, and it has to be maintained during cold winter seasons. To do this, you might consider burying your miniature tree in the ground (best done without a pot) until to its rim and then mulch it up to the first branch. You might also consider placing your juniper bonsai in a shed or unheated garage. Usually, during the winter season, juniper bonsai do not require sunlight since they are in a dormant state. You will, however, continue watering the tree for two weeks.

During summer, spring and fall, the juniper bonsai should be placed in your yard; ensure that it is in a location where it can access sunlight in the morning and evening and shade during the afternoon. 

How Many Hours of Light do Juniper Bonsai Need?

Juniper bonsai requires a minimum of four hours of sunlight per day; this aids in improving its development and enhances photosynthesis significantly. To achieve ample sunlight, it is best to have your juniper bonsai in your yard. Place it in an open location where it can get both morning and evening sunlight. Nevertheless, you should consider shading it in the afternoon, especially during summer times, when the temperatures are high.

In addition to four hours of sunlight a day, ensure that the soil used in growing your juniper bonsai is relatively dry. Ensure your tree is outside and in the brightest spot where it will receive ample supply of sunlight throughout the day. 

Conclusion

Despite it being a great idea to have your juniper bonsai placed in a place with ample supply of sunlight, it is highly advisable to place it in a place where it will enjoy the afternoon shade. This is highly essential, especially during summer seasons. By doing so, you will significantly increase its chances of survival and improve its health. Therefore, ensure that it gets exposed to sunlight as early as possible and allow it to enjoy both morning and evening sunlight when the temperatures are not that high. As we conclude, we hope that this article has been of great benefit when it comes to juniper bonsai sun requirements.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

Cotoneaster Bonsai Leaves Turning Brown

Proper care is vital in bonsai tree cultivation because it ensures healthy and beautiful growth. When your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves start turning brown, then you must be doing something wrong. Brown leaves are a clear indication that your Cotoneaster bonsai is having a hard time.

Your bonsai tree needs immediate attention whenever you notice the stem or leaves turning brown. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the reasons behind the brown leaves and the steps you need to take to revive your precious Cotoneaster bonsai.

Causes of Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Before we start reviving your Cotoneaster bonsai tree, we need to take a look at the common causes of browning leaves. 

Cotoneaster trees are a deciduous plant with dark green leaves that turn yellow, red, and orange during the autumn season. With adequate care, your bonsai should remain beautiful and healthy for many years. The beauty of Cotoneaster bonsai increases as your tree matures. It can, therefore, be stressful when you start noticing the beauty of your bonsai fading. Let us take a look at some of the reasons why your bonsai leaves might be turning brown.

Over-watering Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Most beginners in bonsai tree cultivation make the colossal mistake of over-watering. In some cases, individuals tend to think that a lot of water is essential in the healthy growth of bonsai trees. Yes, your bonsai tree needs water, but not excessive amounts.

Why does over-watering cause browning leaves in Cotoneaster bonsai? Well, the water gets trapped, thereby leading to the rotting of the roots. You have probably learned by now that you need a healthy root system when it comes to bonsai tree cultivation.

When the roots start rotting, your cotoneaster bonsai will begin to wilt and eventually die if something is not done. The browning of the leaves is among the first indications of a dying tree. Not enough water and nutrients are getting to your steam and leaves due to the rotting roots.

Under-watering Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Under-watering will also result in browning of your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves. This scenario usually happens when individuals forget to water their trees over prolonged periods. You should not let your Cotoneaster bonsai soil dry out for extended periods.

You need to evaluate your bonsai tree’s water requirement and adjust the watering schedule appropriately. Take your time to determine how often your Cotoneaster bonsai needs watering and the amount of water required.

Lack of sufficient water will lead to a dried-up trunk and browning of the leaves. Ensure that you monitor the water requirement of your Cotoneaster bonsai to help you make a consistent watering schedule. Understand that a watering schedule that works for another individual might not work for you.

Low Light Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Bonsai trees need sufficient light, just like all other trees. The fact that you have your bonsai tree indoors does not mean that you shouldn’t provide enough light. Browning of Cotoneaster bonsai leaves will start when there is insufficient sunlight.

Morning sunlight and afternoon shade are the ideal conditions for your Cotoneaster bonsai during the spring, fall, and summer. Place your Cotoneaster bonsai on a bench or table to ensure that it receives a sufficient amount of sunlight.

Low light will cause browning leaves in Cotoneaster bonsai within a short period. Most people have the wrong notion that indoor plants don’t need direct sunlight. The Cotoneaster bonsai particularly needs a lot of sunlight, especially during summer and spring.

How to Revive Cotoneaster Bonsai from Browning Leaves

1. Identify the cause

To revive Cotoneaster bonsai from browning leaves, you need to start by identifying the problem. Determining the root cause of the browning leaves will help you find the best solution to the problem. Start by inspecting your bonsai tree to spot any signs of pest infestation.

Look for any signs that might point to under-watering or over-watering. You must also inspect the position of your Cotoneaster bonsai to determine whether there is sufficient lighting.

2. Trim the dead spots

Trim all the dead spots to encourage new growth in your Cotoneaster bonsai tree. Use trimming shears to get rid of all the affected regions.

3. Treat your bonsai

bonsai watering

Once you have determined the cause of the browning leaves, then you need to start treating the problem. In the case of pests and diseases, ensure that you use an organic or gentle insecticide. Change your watering schedule in situations where under-watering or over-watering was the cause of the browning leaves.

4. Give it time

Your Cotoneaster bonsai will need some time to heal. You must exercise patience while maintaining a regular watering schedule. The healing process is slow, but your bonsai will eventually start thriving.

Conclusion

Browning of your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves can be caused by different reasons, including environmental factors, watering schedule, and nutrient issues. This tutorial should help you identify the problem and solve it quickly.

Bonsai Species, Flowing Bonsai Trees, Fruiting Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

Most Beautiful Bonsai

Bonsai trees are beautiful, they fit perfectly in your home, and they aid in encouraging patience and dedication. In addition to improving your interior décor, bonsai trees help purify your air and relieve stress. People have been caring for these miniature trees for more than a thousand years. Usually, bonsai trees are kept small with the use of growth restriction techniques such as wiring the branches, pinching, buds, and pruning and restricting the use of certain fertilizers. There are different bonsai trees available, and in this article, we shall be going through some of the most beautiful bonsai trees.

Apple Bonsai and Its Beauty

There is nothing more beautiful than a miniature apple tree that bears tiny apples on top of your table. Apple bonsai are extremely beautiful and relatively easy to grow and cultivate, making them one of the most remarkable bonsai trees out there. Usually, this tree grows and features a rectangular apple tree look, and it grows flowers and bears some real mini apple fruits.

Apple trees are perfect as bonsai since they feature a dense form, lovely flowers, and numerous green leaves. With an apple bonsai tree, you will enjoy the beautiful white and pink flowers full of fragrance in the summertime. Once the flowers wither, green apple fruit will grow. The best part of having an apple bonsai tree is that it can be grown both indoors and outdoors.

The Beautiful Azalea Bonsai

Azaleas are one of the most popular flowering bonsai trees that are grown today. These bonsai are extremely popular due to their incredible beauty, and some specialist societies and clubs have been dedicated to this particular type of bonsai tree.

Azalea bonsai features some heavy flowering in a multitude of colors; this is what has made it the most popular bonsai among the blooming trees. There are numerous varieties of azalea, and a dwarf size will be the perfect one for a bonsai. Kurume and Satsuki are the two commonly used Azalea in bonsai since they are evergreen and relatively small. They should get ample sunlight throughout the day and should be protected in temperatures below 41 degrees.

The Beauty in Maple Bonsai

Maple bonsai is an extremely beautiful bonsai tree. One example is a Japanese Maple crafted by Walter Pall, which has a height of about one meter, making it one of the biggest bonsai in the world. This bonsai tree is said to be approximately 100 years old, and it is styled and refined by Walter Pall, exposing its hidden beauty. Furthermore, this maple bonsai tree has won several awards, including the Art of Bonsai Photo Contest, due to its incredible beauty.

The Flower-Covered Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea is a woody and gnarled trunk tree, which makes an incredible choice for a bonsai. However, just like other flowering trees, you should consider going for a dwarf species for a perfect bonsai result; pink pixie is considered as one of the best examples. Bougainvillea features some brightly colored flowers that are bracts and features some vivid shades of red, pink, violet, orange and white.

Its flowering season is often during summer and spring, and it is during these months that this bonsai tree should be kept outdoors in order for it to receive an ample supply of sunlight. When kept indoors, ensure it is positioned next to a bright window. You should note that bougainvilleas are vulnerable during the colder season when temperatures are below 30 degrees; therefore, your tree should be kept indoors for maximum protection.

Beautiful Lilac Bonsai

Lilac bonsai are well-known for making fragrant, graceful, and beautiful bonsai. The plant blooms profusely during spring seasons. There are different species of lilac bonsai with the Korean lilac being one of the most popular and most beautiful of them all. It features an elongated cluster of lavender-pink flowers full of a fragrance that tends to fade to white and stand out against its leaves, and it ranges from dark to lighter shades of green.

Conclusion

Patience and talent are required when it comes to growing and cultivating a bonsai tree. By going through some of these most beautiful bonsai trees, you will be able to get some inspiration for growing and cultivating your bonsai.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Fruiting Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

How to Plant Bonsai Lemon Tree

Sometimes, you might want to cultivate a bonsai tree with a pleasant aroma and glossy leaves. In such circumstances, your best option would be the lemon tree. It is a citrus tree that can be transformed into bonsai quite easily.

Many bonsai cultivators prefer the lemon tree for its beautiful spring flowers and dark green leaves. You also get a tree variety that can survive under full sunlight, which is incredible. When correctly pruned, your bonsai will produce edible fruit that has similar characteristics to the regular-sized lemon fruit.

Materials Used to Plant Lemon Bonsai

To create the perfect lemon tree bonsai, you will need the following materials:

1. Citrus fruit

You need to pick a citrus fruit that you prefer, including mandarin oranges, Meyer lemons, and limes. However, avoid getting the seedless type because they have been genetically altered. We need to work with an organic fruit to get the best results.

2. Potting soil

With lemon tree bonsai, the regular garden soil in your yard will do just fine. You could, however, go for the prepackaged potting soil if you need to see good results. The prepackaged potting soil contains the right amount of nutrients and doesn’t have any weed seedlings.

3. Container

Ensure that you get a shallow tray or container that is 6 to 12 inches deep.

4. Plant pot

Get a large size plant pot to accommodate your lemon tree bonsai adequately. Ensure that you find a design that suits your indoor environment.

5. Location

Identify a warm location that is close to a window or use your garden. This will depend on whether you want an indoor or outdoor bonsai.

Creating a Lemon Tree Bonsai – Step by Step Procedure

Step 1: Prepare the planter

Start by watering your potting soil adequately, ensuring that it is moist when you touch it. You can then proceed to pack and place the potting soil into the designated tray. Leave a half-inch space at the trim.

Step 2: Grow the seedlings

Take your chosen lemon fruit and cut it into half to take out the seeds. It would help if you then rinsed the seeds using clean water to get rid of any juice or excess fruit pulp. Doing this ensures that fungi or mold do not fester and destroy your plant.

The seeds need to be wet and moist when you plant them in the pre-moistened soil. Place the seeds about half-inch deep in the soil, leaving a space of about 2 inches between them. Cover the area with plastic to ensure that the seeds are kept moist and warm.

Step 3: Select seedling

In about two weeks, you will start noticing sprouts. Remove your plastic cover and take your tray to a spot with sufficient sunlight. The soil needs to be kept moist, but you need to avoid flooding it. In a month, uproot the weak seedlings to leave enough nutrients for the remaining.

After about two months, your seedlings should be fully grown, and you can proceed to select the best for your bonsai.

Step 4: Start planting

Put 2 inches of pebbles at the bottom of your ornamental pot before you start the planting procedure. These small pebbles ensure that your pot has proper drainage. Fill the pot with suitable potting soil and leave a one-inch space at the trim.

Dig up your selected seedling appropriately while avoiding any damages to the roots. Re-plant it in the larger pot and add a few pieces of wood or rocks for artistic purposes.

Step 5: Begin training

Begin training after one year when your seedling is strong enough. This step needs extra care if you want to get all the desired shapes right. Use a metal wire to bend the branch and trunk to the desired positions carefully. You could also use a string to weigh down the trunk and branches.

Step 6: Pruning

You can start pruning six months after training your lemon tree bonsai. Pruning encourages branches to grow out instead of growing up.

Conclusion

A lemon bonsai will keep all the characteristics of a regular lemon tree but in a smaller version. Using the above procedure, you will get a beautiful lemon tree bonsai that is worth the effort. Ensure that you create a watering schedule and carry out regular checkups.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Indoor Bonsai Trees

How To Take Care Of Pine Trees Indoors

One of the most popular bonsai trees is pine. Many people prefer using pine trees as bonsai since they are coniferous and evergreen. The great thing about pine is that you get to shape them however you want.

However, before we start discussing how to take care of pine bonsai indoors, you need to understand a few details. Different pine species are categorized depending on whether they produce one or two growth flushes.

If your pine tree species has two growth flushes, then it can be decandled during early spring. Doing this ensures that your pine will produce a second flush by the start of early summer. However, if your pine produces a single growth flush, then it should not be decandled. You only need to shorten and select candles in such a case.

Positioning Pine Bonsai 

Although pine trees are quite hardy, they need lots of light for proper development. Adequate light will support the healthy growth of your pine. Without proper sunlight, your pine will have more extended needle sizes.

During winter, you may need to install a bonsai lighting system in your home. Since your pine is placed inside a container, it needs to be protected during the winter. Place your pine bonsai next to a large window to ensure that it gets sufficient sunlight.

Watering Your Pine Bonsai

With pine bonsai, you need to ensure that you carry out proper watering. Bonsai pines don’t like an environment with permanent moisture. Having an adequate drainage system will ensure that you don’t over-water your bonsai.

The biggest downside of overwatering is that it will lead to rotting of the roots. One of the most important parts of bonsai cultivation is healthy roots. Rotting roots in pine bonsai can be fatal when not properly handled.

Create a watering schedule to help you keep track of your bonsai’s water needs. Under-watering could also lead to several problems.

Fertilizing Your Pine Bonsai

Healthy pine bonsai need to be fertilized from the start of early spring to the end of autumn. However, weak pine trees have to be fertilized all year round. Only stop fertilizing the weak trees when the temperature drops.

Solid organic fertilizer needs to be applied at 4-week intervals before decandling can be carried out. You will need to stop fertilization once the secondary candle growth starts to harden. Begin the fertilization process in late autumn.

Training Your Pine Bonsai

Training your pine bonsai needs to be done during the early autumn or spring. Using wires for training is pretty straightforward, and you get to shape your pine however you want. Ensure that you conduct training carefully over a set period.

Do not overstrain your pine bonsai during training. Give your pine enough room to recover during the entire process. Training will strain your pine bonsai, which means that you need to be careful. Repotting, on the other side, needs to be done in spring when you notice the buds starting to swell.

Common Pine Bonsai Pests and Diseases

Pines get infected by spider mites, aphids, and caterpillars quite often. Other times, your pine bonsai may be attacked by root rot and fungal diseases. To treat the common pests and diseases that affect pine bonsai, you need to use specific pesticides.

In such situations, seek help from an expert in the field. Pines can deteriorate quickly when exposed to pests and diseases. However, pines tend to be healthy when adequately taken care of.

Conclusion

Pine is, undoubtedly, getting quite popular among many beginners in bonsai cultivators. The beauty of pine bonsai is that you get to create different shapes depending on your desires. However, proper care of your pine bonsai is essential since you are investing a lot of time and effort into the project.

Remember to start by identifying the pine species that you have before carrying out the above practices. Bonsai cultivation requires a lot of patience. It will take a while before you start noticing changes.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Indoor Bonsai Trees

How to Bonsai an Oak Sapling

Oak trees are not the most popular bonsai species. Although oak trees are abundant in Japan, these majestic trees have not yet gained popularity. This is mainly due to the broad leaves that are not suitable when it comes to the art of miniature tree cultivation.

However, if you are thinking of creating a bonsai from an oak sapling, then you have come to the right place. It isn’t as simple as you might think, and you will need to exercise a lot of care. The good news is that the journey is rewarding, making it worth the time and effort.

Growing An Oak Bonsai from Seed Versus Buying a Grown Tree

Not all oak trees make good bonsai due to the occurrence of broad leaves, as stated earlier on. Growing an oak bonsai from seed can, therefore, be quite tricky, since you might not know whether the tree will make a good bonsai or not.

The advantage of using a grown tree is that you get to choose the characteristics that you want. Your bonsai will have similar characteristics to the donor plant. This ensures that you can look for all the traits that you might need in an oak bonsai.

Growing from seed will require cultivation over an extended period. Yes, you might want to start from scratch, but this needs a lot of patience. Growing from seed will take about three or four years more than buying a grown tree.

How to Grow Oak Bonsai From Seed

Growing an oak bonsai from seed can be rather tricky. You will need to plant several seeds and wait patiently for the seedling to emerge. This will take quite a while, making it impractical in many cases. You will then have to choose a healthy seedling to start designing your oak bonsai.

Using oak sapling is the preferred way, according to several experts. In this article, we will focus on using an oak sapling rather than a seed.

How to Grow Oak Bonsai From a Tree

It would help if you started by choosing a wild sapling that is well-rooted and between 6 inches to 12 feet tall. Pick a sapling with the main leader that can bend appropriately without breaking. Then it would help if you started creating your bonsai soil.

Mix peat moss and perlite in an equal ratio to get you the perfect bonsai growing medium. Proceed to repot your tree into a container using your soil.

Use small pruning shears to prune all the vigorous shoots that emerge on the upper tree level. You could always use scissors when you want to achieve precision. Leave all the fragile shoots in place.

Your oak bonsai should start taking shape as a miniature tree without losing its balance. Ensure that you encourage thin growth at the top and thick growth at the bottom.

Use scissors to clip all the leaves apart from those at the end of your branches. This will encourage your tree to bud out close to the trunk. Use aluminum wire to train the leader and branch while leaving a space of about a quarter-inch between the coils. You can then proceed to bend your oak bonsai to whatever shape you need. However, exercise a lot of caution because you don’t want to damage the bark while training.

Prune your branches during the late fall when your bonsai goes into dormancy. Always cut the end nodes on higher branches to encourage growth at the bottom.

Caring for Your Oak After Planting  

Caring for your oak after planting is a simple task once you understand the basic guidelines. Fertilization, watering, and positioning are vital when caring for your oak tree. You need to ensure that you provide adequate water and fertilizer to your bonsai.

Proper position is also vital, especially when you plan on growing your bonsai indoors. You need to ensure that your oak bonsai gets sufficient sunlight and humidity throughout the year.

Conclusion

To effectively bonsai an oak sapling, you need a lot of patience. Proper care is equally important, especially during the early stages. This extensive guide should help you on your transformative journey in bonsai cultivation.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Flowing Bonsai Trees, Fruiting Bonsai Trees

How to Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Few plants are as beautiful as the cherry blossom bonsai. This plant has existed since ancient times. Japan is the primary host of these plants since they are popularly grown there. Cherry blossom bonsai are also grown all over the world, so you need not reside in Japan to enjoy all this beauty. If you want to know more about the cherry blossom bonsai, keep reading this article.

How to Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai from Seeds

If you want to grow cherry blossom bonsai, it is better to use seeds. However, this will result in a longer period of tree development. Ensure that you choose the appropriate type of tree. Note that the kind of tree you choose plays a vital role in planting from scratch. Most trees take approximately 4-5 years to develop a tree trunk of 1 inch with a diameter of 25cm. Therefore, it is appropriate that you make a wise decision regarding choosing the type of tree. For example, statistics show that the Citrus variety does not deliver remarkable performance in Toronto; thus, if you are a Toronto resident, you should avoid choosing Citrus.

It is essential to consider the climate at your home. This is possible if you check the type of trees grown at your residence. You can also opt to purchase online, but remember to go through customer reviews to select the best. 

When you obtain seeds, go ahead and create a standard layer of bonsai soil. After this, place the seeds in the soil, ensuring that there is space between the seeds. Note that this is a long process.

How to Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai from Cuttings

There are only two ways for you to grow cherries: seeds or cuttings. However, growing cherries from cuttings is the easiest way to go. So, how do you grow cherry blossom bonsai from cuttings?

Before growing cherries using cuttings, you must note that there are two types of cherry blossom bonsai. These are:

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium)

Tart (Prunus Cerasus)

This is the stone fruit family. In this case, to get a duplicate of your tree, you need to grow it from a cherry cutting. You must note that sweet and tart cherries’ transmission is through hardwood as well as semi-hardwood cuttings. During the summer season, try to get semi-hardwood cuttings, especially when the wood is not mature enough and soft. On the other hand, you can get hardwood cuttings in dormant seasons, where the wood is mature and hard.

When you have acquired the plant, make sure you fill your plastic pot of 6 inches with clay, mixing it with ½ sphagnum peat moss as well as perlite. Choose a cherry branch with leaves and about 2 to 4 leaf nodes. It should be below the age of 5 years. Cuttings that you make from old trees should be from young branches that have just developed. During this process, use a sterile and sharp pruning shear to cut 10-20cm from a horizontal angle. After this process, dip the end of your cutting in a hormone for rooting. Use your finger to make a hole, put the end of your cutting into the hole and cover it up. Put a plastic bag over the container. Ensure that the container gets sufficient sun with an appropriate temperature. Moreover, keep the soil moist by using a spray bottle twice a day.

After 2-3 months, remove the plastic bag from your container and examine your cutting if it has developed roots. If there is any resistance, repeat the entire process until the roots fill the whole container. When the roots develop fully, transfer your cutting to a gallon container full of soil. Expose the cherry tree to outdoor sunlight and temperature before you do the transplanting to ensure proper germination. Carefully select your area of transplanting. Dig your hole twice the tree size but not deeper. Remove it from your container and make sure you support the trunk using your single hand. Fill the gap with sufficient soil and water it to do away with air pockets around the root balls, and fill it until you cannot see the roots anymore. Moreover, make sure you level the soil to the ground level.

How to Care for Cherry Blossom Bonsai

  • Repotting Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

After 2 to 3 years, repot your cherry blossom bonsai. You can achieve repotting in late winter when your plant is not flowering. Repotting allows your plant to develop compact, strong roots.

  • Sunlight Needed for Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Cherries require maximum sunlight with reduced wind. During winter, it is appropriate that it goes dormant for three months. Additionally, it should also be kept fresh without frost. Place it in a garage to protect it from frost.

  • Fertilizing Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Make sure you fertilize your tree each month once using an organic or liquid fertilizer. You can achieve this efficiently during the period of development. However, do not attempt it during winter when your plant is dormant.

  • Watering Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Watering is necessary for any plant. Ensure that your plant gets sufficient water. If you grow your plant where there is direct sunlight, water it well, until water leaks out of the pot.

Conclusion

Based on the above information on how to grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai, you now have a clear understanding of how to plant using seed and cutting. Furthermore, you also know how to care for and maintain the tree. I hope that this information will be of benefit to you in learning how to grow cherry blossom bonsai.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Flowing Bonsai Trees

How To Care For Crepe Myrtle Bonsai Tree

Being native to the subtropical regions of Australia and Asia, the Crepe Myrtle has beautiful white, pink, and purple flowers. Many bonsai cultivators are captivated by both the flowers and bark of this deciduous tree.

In autumn, the leaves of the Crepe Myrtle turn orange-red and yellow in a beautiful display. Since this tree can endure strenuous weather conditions, it is an excellent choice for beginners in Bonsai. However, taking care of Crepe Myrtle is not as easy as it seems. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at how to care for the Crepe Myrtle bonsai tree.

Where to Position Your Crepe Myrtle Bonsai

It will help if you position your tree in a spot with exposure to full sunlight. The position is essential because the sun helps prevent insect attacks and fungal diseases while encouraging flowering. If you live in a warm climate, you can place your Crepe Myrtle outside all year round. However, ensure that you transfer your Bonsai to a cool place if you live in a temperate climate.

Watering Your Crepe Myrtle Bonsai

Your Crepe Myrtle should never dry out, especially during the growth period. You should water your Bonsai adequately throughout the year. However, reduce watering during the winter period due to dormancy.

One common mistake that beginners in bonsai cultivation make is overwatering. Your Bonsai needs sufficient water; however, overwatering can be fatal. Only water your Crepe Myrtle bonsai when you notice the soil starting to dry up.

Fertilizing Your Crepe Myrtle Bonsai

During the growing season, ensure that you fertilize your Bonsai every two weeks. Understand that liquid fertilizer is best for your Crepe Myrtle bonsai tree. You can add solid organic fertilizer once your Bonsai matures.

Training Your Crepe Myrtle Bonsai

Only prune your Crepe Myrtle bonsai tree at the end of summer. Doing this will encourage the production of buds during the next year. Wiring is vital when it comes to training any bonsai tree. With the Crepe Myrtle, conduct wiring carefully so that you don’t damage the beautiful bark.

Start by wrapping tape or paper around your wire before you start training. You should also remove the wire around the branches in time to avoid any damages. Use guy-wires wherever possible.

Common Crepe Myrtle Diseases and Pests

Aphids can be a huge bother to your Crepe Myrtle bonsai tree. You can wash the insects off your tree with a strong water jet. However, in severe cases, you will need to use a specific insecticide for better results.

Mildew is also a common problem when it comes to the Crepe Myrtle bonsai tree. Get the specific fungicide that you need when dealing with this situation. Understand that your Bonsai could be affected by other pests and diseases as well. Conduct regular checks on your bonsai tree to spot early signs of pests or diseases.

Repotting Your Crepe Myrtle Bonsai

Your Crepe Myrtle needs to be repotted every two to three years to promote healthy growth. Repotting is crucial in ensuring that your Bonsai gets all the nutrients that it needs. With time, your soil mix begins to lose both its nutrients and water retention properties.

Introduce organic fertilizer to your soil mix when carrying out repotting. Your Bonsai needs the right soil mix to promote healthy growth. Be careful during repotting to ensure that you don’t damage the root system of your Bonsai.

Propagating Your Crepe Myrtle Bonsai

Propagating Crepe Myrtle can be done through cuttings or seeds. However, most people prefer cuttings because you get to save up on a lot of time. With seed propagation, it takes a lot of time to get a healthy seedling to turn into Bonsai.

Conclusion

Taking care of the Crepe Myrtle bonsai tree requires a lot of time and patience. However, the result is usually worth the effort. Understand that there is a little bit of a learning curve when it comes to bonsai cultivation. It will, therefore, take you some time and practice before you get that perfect bonsai tree.