Bonsai Care

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How To Protect Bonsai In Winter

Bonsai growers should know how to manage bonsai during winter. Proper bonsai care is an unquestionable requirement in order to help your bonsai thrive. With that in mind, you should remember that the winter is the time for your tree to rest. In this post, you’ll get familiar with how to protect your bonsai during cold atmospheres or winter time. Let’s get started! 

What Kinds of Bonsai Trees Need Protection in the Winter? 

We have four types of bonsai trees divided in terms of cold hardiness: 

  • Semi-Tropical Bonsai trees

The semi-tropical trees can endure moderate ice and cooler temperature for a short timeframe. 

  • Tropical Bonsai trees

These bonsai trees should be protected during winter, and they can be taken indoors. 

  • Hard Bonsai trees 

The hard bonsai can endure extraordinary cold without causing physical damage. 

These trees can handle cold temperature without doing any damage to the roots. 

Setting Up Your Bonsai For Winter 

  • Prior to winter 

It is advisable to put the bonsai tree outside to get an ideal daylight exposure required for growth before encountering the dormancy time frame. Let the bonsai adequately prepare for its dormancy period by fertilizing it. Abstain from pruning the parts of the bonsai two months before the cold season as it may not have adequate time to heal, making the tree powerless. 

  • During winter 

During the dormancy time frame, you may transfer outdoor bonsai trees to a cold, dull location. Hard species can be left outside as long as they have satisfactory protection. When growing indoors, it isn’t necessary to give your tree too much light as long as the temperature is about 50 degrees. Permit your bonsai tree to experience the early stick to trigger its cool hardiness system; this will ensure that it does freeze if the temperature drops. 

In case you prefer not to leave your bonsai outdoors, you can put it in a fridge to give it the required conditions. The correct fridge temperature for bonsai is between 35 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. 

  • After winter 

When there are no indications of intense cold that may damage the roots, you may set your tree directly in the soil in your garden or, in the event that you want to transplant it, in a gig container. Prune it to bring forth the natural beauty of your bonsai. 

How to Protect Your Bonsai During the Winter 

  1. Cover your tree 

Cover your tree with fabric or newspaper folded over the outside of the bonsai. Plastic and other coverings effectively direct temperature and promote heat. When the sun rises, remove the fabric and the plastic immediately to keep leaves from getting burned. 

  1. Know the right bonsai species for you 

Know your bonsai species so that you can determine whether you should put it in or out during winter. In the event that you are growing a tropical bonsai, shift it to a nursery, since it anticipates a warm temperature. 

  1. Give enough lighting 

Growing light is essential for your tree to achieve its maximum growth. It is advisable to put the bonsai close to the window so that it can still get daylight; thus, it should not need too much UV light from the grow lights. 

  1. Proper watering 

When growing outdoors, make a point to watch proper watering. Recollect that your bonsai won’t need much water during the dormancy time frame. 

  1. Deal with the root system of your tree 

When the bonsai sheds its leaves, it keeps its food in the roots.That is the reason why you should ensure that the roots are well taken care of. 

  1. Check your tree for pests on a regular basis

The dormancy time frame is the perfect time for you to check if your bonsai is already plagued with the pest for early detection and treatment. 


Proper information on how to take great care of your bonsai during winter is essential. Bonsai trees, even the hardy ones, are versatile as they develop indoors or outdoors. All that will depend on conditions you are going to provide mostly in winter.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How to Revive Bonsai Tree with Leaves Falling Off

Bonsai tree cultivation is, undoubtedly, one of the most profound pleasures that you could engage in at home. However, it is not always a bed of roses, and you will encounter challenges before becoming a professional.

Taking care of your bonsai tree will involve a considerable learning curve, especially when it is your first time. One of the challenges that you are bound to experience is leaves falling off your bonsai tree. If you are wondering how to revive a bonsai tree with leaves falling off, then you have come to the right place.

In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the causes of leaves falling off your bonsai tree and the solutions available. 

Causes and Solutions of Falling Bonsai Tree leaves

1. Under-watering or overwatering

bonsai watering

Did you know that both under-watering or overwatering your bonsai tree will lead to leaves falling? You need to water your bonsai tree only when the soil feels slightly dry. Touch the soil to determine whether your tree needs watering.

Poor quality soil and lack of a watering schedule are the leading causes of under-watering or overwatering. If your soil retains water, then it might feel dry to the touch while it is soaking wet at the bottom.

Soil that retains water will lead to root rot after a prolonged period. Dealing with root rot can be rather challenging. However, the root rot problem can be addressed with the application of plant powder and essential oil.

When you suspect that your bonsai tree is losing leaves due to overwatering and poor-quality soil, you need to let the soil dry out. Be careful when doing this because you don’t want the soil to dry out completely. You can then reduce the amount of water you usually give your bonsai tree.

However, if you suspect that the problem is caused by under-watering, then you need to rehydrate your bonsai tree. It is also a great idea to mist your stem and leaves regularly to help your bonsai tree absorb water while the roots are healing.

Do not overwater your bonsai tree to compensate for under-watering. This will usually lead to water stress that is rather lethal. Instead, pour water frequently until your bonsai tree recovers fully. Create a watering schedule to ensure you give your bonsai tree adequate time to recover.

2. Exposure to lower or higher temperatures than required

An indoor bonsai tree requires room temperature that should not exceed 27 degrees Celsius or fall below 15 degrees Celsius. For outdoor bonsai trees, you need to research the specific plant specimen temperature requirements.

Deciduous bonsai trees will lose leaves during the autumn-winter period. This is an everyday occurrence that shouldn’t worry you. Understanding your plant species should help you determine the expected changes at different periods.

3. Stress

Trees are creatures of habit, meaning that environmental stress will lead to loss of leaves. Constantly shifting the position of your bonsai tree can lead to stress due to the variable shifts in air penetration.

Changing the position of your bonsai tree frequently is not recommended. You can consider using an artificial grow lighting system for indoor bonsai tree cultivation. Remember that certain areas in your room don’t get enough direct sunlight exposure.

Look for the perfect spot that guarantees sufficient sunlight and air penetration. Do not shift your bonsai tree around your home regularly. Once you place your bonsai tree at the right place, then give it time to recover.

4. Wrong fertilization

Are you using fast-acting fertilizers or slow-release nutrients for your bonsai tree? The wrong method of fertilization will lead to the loss of leaves. Sometimes the problem might be that you are not using any fertilizer.

When buying fertilizer, ensure that you check the label carefully. This should help you determine whether that fertilizer is right for your bonsai tree.

5. Disease or pests

Pests and diseases will lead to loss of leaves on a large scale. The good news is that you can easily spot disease or pests. Once you spot the problem, then research the correct solution to use. Use a magnifying glass to help you spot any pests or disease signs on your bonsai tree.


You need patience, consistency, and determination when dealing with leaves falling off your bonsai tree. Dealing with this problem is rather simple once you identify the cause. Do not be in a rush and always give your miniature tree time to recover.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How to Thicken Bonsai Branches

Bonsai trees are ornamental and artificially dwarfed types of trees. Usually, they are grown and propagated in a pot or a container. When cultivating these trees, many gardeners face one challenge: weak and narrow branches. The process of thickening bonsai tree branches entails sacrificing some branches. It depends on the part of the branch you want to thicken, whether that is the lower part or upper part of the branch. Carefully select the sacrificial branch that you will allow to grow and thicken. When the select bonsai branch has grown and thickened, then cut it off. The gardener should repeat this procedure continuously for better results.

The Importance of Thickening Branches

The following are some of the importance or benefits of thickening bonsai tree branches.

  • Thickness

Thickening the branches gives a bonsai tree an artistic reflection of age and strength. Proper thickening of branches and trunk provides a bonsai with a natural look. Thick branches in a bonsai tree will also look young or like a caricatured reflection of a real tree.

  •  Easy to trim and prune

Pruning contributes significantly to the structural end shape of a bonsai tree branch. A healthy bonsai tree with a thick branch has no problem coping with pruning. It is advisable to conduct maintenance pruning regularly or once every growing season, depending on the variety of bonsai tree you have. Trimming helps the bonsai tree branches to distribute growth evenly and thickly. Pruned bonsai branches are visible and easy to study.

  • Tree Size

The selection of the bonsai tree’s branch size should be done with the design in mind; the gardener wants to shape his bonsai tree. When the bonsai tree is substantial, the gardener has less work to tend to, but it is very difficult to groom and grow. Selecting the right tree size will always motivate you to maintain it.

  • Help in refining your work

Bonsai tree gardeners who have thickened their branches should be open to criticism annually. It makes gardeners refine and improve their skills. 

  • Strong structure

When the branches are of considerable thickening, they give your bonsai tree a robust structure. To maintain a good structure, you should water and fertilize your tree adequately as well.


Tapering is a technique to improve the thickness of a bonsai tree. Naturally, any growing tree should be thicker on the base than on the top of the tree. This characteristic is not exceptional on bonsai trees. Tapering helps in improving any irregularity that may occur when your bonsai tree is growing. Tapering increases the level of nutrient intake in the branches by enhancing the natural structure of the bonsai tree trunk.

How to Taper to Thicken Branches

Left to themselves, the branches of most bonsai are too thin. Here are several ways that you can use tapering to thicken bonsai branches.

  •  Sacrificial branches

One of the ways to taper to thicken branches is by growing sacrificial branches on the tree. Allowing branches in a bonsai tree to grow wildly without trimming until the branches attain the proper thickness is a suitable method of developing proper taper. Once the branches achieve adequate depth, they should cut and shorten them. For the best taper result, you start with the highest branches in the canopy and move down.

  •  Bend To Grow

It is a suitable method to thicken branches of a bonsai tree. This technique will bend the main branches downwards while bending the sub-branches upwards. After some months, this technique gives the branches a lovely taper, as the main branches will thicken faster than the sub-branches. Once you achieve the desired thickness, you should trim off the main branch.

  •  Cutting the branches

It is one of the best ways to thicken your tree branches and achieve a gentle taper. First, cut along the branch at a point where it has the thickness you want the branch to make. After cutting, you wait until the branch starts shooting sub-branches. You then wire up the sub-branches together to get a thick branch.


The shape of a bonsai tree branch and trunk is meant to catch your eye. Thickening your bonsai tree branch gives excellent results when the tree is still young. Proper maintenance of the bonsai tree improves its branches and protects it from drying.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

Stratification of Bonsai Seeds

While some seeds sprout immediately in suitable conditions, other species may take quite a process to grow. Most seed species require careful preparation and storage right before they are set to germinate. Stratification and scarification are two common preparative steps before growing most of the bonsai seeds. Stratification refers to subjecting seeds to cold temperatures to snap them from dormancy. On the other hand, scarification comes with the soaking of seeds under room temperature water for some time, usually a day or two. So, where do we start while growing a bonsai from seeds?

Choosing the Kind of Bonsai You Want to Grow

The choice of the bonsai tree you wish to grow is yours to make. However, I recommend buying seeds from a reputable dealer for the best results on bonsai trees. It is best to choose seeds that would easily adapt to your environment. Some of the common tree species to choose from include pine, birch, fir, cedar, and maple. Notably, most of the trees in these species are easy to grow.

Preparation of the Seeds

As noted earlier, not every seed is ready to sprout at any given time and in any given condition. Therefore, you need to prepare the seeds before planting them. Before purchasing any seeds for planting, one should always seek some information on the particular seeds. The basic preparation steps for seeds include scarification and stratification before planting. So, what are these two processes?

Scarification and Stratification of Bonsai Seeds

Many of the seeds we know respond promptly to the seasonal changes, surviving a cold winter and sprouting into beautiful seedlings during spring. However, other seeds will never do so since they sense neither a warm nor a cold season. Scarification and stratification of seeds are an artificial way to mimic the seasons, helping seeds reach dormancy. So, what are the steps in each of the seed preparation procedures?

Processes of Scarification and Stratification of Seeds

The process of seed scarification involves soaking the seeds in water for about a day or two. I recommend that you check the specific time limit for the seeds you wish to plant. You will note that some of the seeds have a hard shell or coating over them. Therefore, you need to scratch the hard shell with a pin to expose the white layer.

The following step is to soak the seeds in water under room temperature as per the seed’s scarification needs.

Any seeds that float on the water should be removed and disposed of since floating is an indication that the shell might be empty; hence, no germination would occur. After the soaking time elapses, this marks the beginning of the stratification period. Here it would help if you planted your seeds in soft bedding such as peat moss. Water the peat moss, ensuring it is moist, and place it in a resealable plastic bag together with the seeds. 

Finally, place the seeds in a refrigerator for the specified time, usually a month to six months. Any sprouting seed is ready to be planted in the soil.

Caring for the Seeds After Germination

After transferring your germinating seeds to a larger pot, care for them properly. Care for the seeds after germination normally follows the care tips for bonsai trees. Some of the tips include regular watering, exposure to sunlight and warmth, and feeding the tree. Overwatering and underwatering should be avoided, and you should give the little plant adequate sunlight exposure. Feeding the plant may start anywhere between five to six months after planting or as per recommendations for the subject bonsai tree.


Growing the perfect bonsai tree takes effort and patience. To make sure you have the right process, evaluate your choice of bonsai tree and the preparation of the seeds. However, even more important is the post-germination care for your already sprouted and planted bonsai plant. Your bonsai will thrive if you complete all steps of planting and care in the right way.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

Cotoneaster Bonsai Leaves Turning Brown

Proper care is vital in bonsai tree cultivation because it ensures healthy and beautiful growth. When your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves start turning brown, then you must be doing something wrong. Brown leaves are a clear indication that your Cotoneaster bonsai is having a hard time.

Your bonsai tree needs immediate attention whenever you notice the stem or leaves turning brown. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the reasons behind the brown leaves and the steps you need to take to revive your precious Cotoneaster bonsai.

Causes of Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Before we start reviving your Cotoneaster bonsai tree, we need to take a look at the common causes of browning leaves. 

Cotoneaster trees are a deciduous plant with dark green leaves that turn yellow, red, and orange during the autumn season. With adequate care, your bonsai should remain beautiful and healthy for many years. The beauty of Cotoneaster bonsai increases as your tree matures. It can, therefore, be stressful when you start noticing the beauty of your bonsai fading. Let us take a look at some of the reasons why your bonsai leaves might be turning brown.

Over-watering Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Most beginners in bonsai tree cultivation make the colossal mistake of over-watering. In some cases, individuals tend to think that a lot of water is essential in the healthy growth of bonsai trees. Yes, your bonsai tree needs water, but not excessive amounts.

Why does over-watering cause browning leaves in Cotoneaster bonsai? Well, the water gets trapped, thereby leading to the rotting of the roots. You have probably learned by now that you need a healthy root system when it comes to bonsai tree cultivation.

When the roots start rotting, your cotoneaster bonsai will begin to wilt and eventually die if something is not done. The browning of the leaves is among the first indications of a dying tree. Not enough water and nutrients are getting to your steam and leaves due to the rotting roots.

Under-watering Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Under-watering will also result in browning of your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves. This scenario usually happens when individuals forget to water their trees over prolonged periods. You should not let your Cotoneaster bonsai soil dry out for extended periods.

You need to evaluate your bonsai tree’s water requirement and adjust the watering schedule appropriately. Take your time to determine how often your Cotoneaster bonsai needs watering and the amount of water required.

Lack of sufficient water will lead to a dried-up trunk and browning of the leaves. Ensure that you monitor the water requirement of your Cotoneaster bonsai to help you make a consistent watering schedule. Understand that a watering schedule that works for another individual might not work for you.

Low Light Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Bonsai trees need sufficient light, just like all other trees. The fact that you have your bonsai tree indoors does not mean that you shouldn’t provide enough light. Browning of Cotoneaster bonsai leaves will start when there is insufficient sunlight.

Morning sunlight and afternoon shade are the ideal conditions for your Cotoneaster bonsai during the spring, fall, and summer. Place your Cotoneaster bonsai on a bench or table to ensure that it receives a sufficient amount of sunlight.

Low light will cause browning leaves in Cotoneaster bonsai within a short period. Most people have the wrong notion that indoor plants don’t need direct sunlight. The Cotoneaster bonsai particularly needs a lot of sunlight, especially during summer and spring.

How to Revive Cotoneaster Bonsai from Browning Leaves

1. Identify the cause

To revive Cotoneaster bonsai from browning leaves, you need to start by identifying the problem. Determining the root cause of the browning leaves will help you find the best solution to the problem. Start by inspecting your bonsai tree to spot any signs of pest infestation.

Look for any signs that might point to under-watering or over-watering. You must also inspect the position of your Cotoneaster bonsai to determine whether there is sufficient lighting.

2. Trim the dead spots

Trim all the dead spots to encourage new growth in your Cotoneaster bonsai tree. Use trimming shears to get rid of all the affected regions.

3. Treat your bonsai

bonsai watering

Once you have determined the cause of the browning leaves, then you need to start treating the problem. In the case of pests and diseases, ensure that you use an organic or gentle insecticide. Change your watering schedule in situations where under-watering or over-watering was the cause of the browning leaves.

4. Give it time

Your Cotoneaster bonsai will need some time to heal. You must exercise patience while maintaining a regular watering schedule. The healing process is slow, but your bonsai will eventually start thriving.


Browning of your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves can be caused by different reasons, including environmental factors, watering schedule, and nutrient issues. This tutorial should help you identify the problem and solve it quickly.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai General Info, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Uncategorized

Why Do My Bonsai Keep Dying?

Bonsai trees can be quite challenging to care for, even for experienced gardeners. Being miniature trees, bonsai are prone to all kinds of problems. Many beginners tend to ask why their bonsai trees keep dying.

Bonsai trees need some special attention due to their delicate nature. As a beginner, start by familiarizing yourself with different conditions that affect regular trees. Then it would help if you worked on learning the basic bonsai care guidelines. Understand that it takes years to shape and train a bonsai, but only a few seconds can kill your bonsai tree.

We need to take a long look at some of the common reasons why your bonsai trees might be dying. This article should help you identify common problems that lead to the death of bonsai trees. We will also help you understand how to deal with different situations.

Watering Problems Causing Death in Bonsai

Wilted or dry leaves and the yellowing of the leaves may be as a result of overwatering. When the yellowing of leaves begins, you need to reduce the amount of water you give your bonsai. Most people don’t understand that overwatering will lead to root rot in the long run.

Ensure that you only water your bonsai when required. According to several experts, it is easier to revive a bonsai tree affected by under-watering than overwatering. Yes, your bonsai needs sufficient water, but that doesn’t mean that you should provide too much.

Now, overwatering might also be a result of poor soil or containers. Understand that poor draining soil will have a high water retention rate. Ensure that you repot your bonsai in well-draining soil before adjusting your watering schedule.

How Light Can Cause Death in Bonsai

Most beginners don’t usually grasp the importance of adequate light to their bonsai tree. Typically, your bonsai will start shrinking when placed in low light conditions. When not correctly dealt with, a lack of light will lead to the death of your bonsai.

Your miniature tree needs a minimum of six hours a day of sunlight for proper development. Understand that light will also dictate the amount of moisture in the air. Too much humidity will lead to mold infestation.

With mold infestation, you will start noticing white fuzzy spots on stems and leaves of your bonsai. You must place your bonsai in a location with just the right amount of sunlight and humidity levels.

Lack of Fertilizer Can Kill Bonsai

Imbalance of nutrients will often lead to discolored leaves.  Without the proper nutrients, your bonsai gets weak and slowly dies. Most of the time, individuals don’t notice an imbalance in nutrients until it’s too late.

You need to conduct a soil test immediately when you notice leaves turning dark green or brown. Your soil may also contain toxins, which means that you have to wash them out using water. Toxic soil is a common occurrence, especially for beginners.

To get on the safe side, you might need to repot your bonsai. Once you are done repotting, ensure that you provide sufficient water to your bonsai. Apply a balanced fertilizer once your bonsai is fully recovered and healthy.

Improper Placement Killing Your Bonsai

Location is critical when it comes to the healthy growth of your bonsai tree. However, finding the right spot can prove to be rather challenging, especially when indoors. Understand that your miniature tree needs the same conditions as regular trees.

Improper placement of your bonsai tree will lead to an imbalance in several factors, including light and moisture. When indoors, you might want to consider using artificial lighting.

Sometimes, your outdoor bonsai might be placed in a location infested with pests and diseases. It is useless to treat your bonsai if you leave it in an infested area. Relocating your bonsai is your best option in such situations.

Choose a sunny spot with good air circulation. Ensure that the moisture levels in the new location are adequate.


Bonsai cultivation can be rather tricky, especially when you are a beginner. Ensure that you conduct regular checkups every month. Getting in front of the problem is always the best solution when taking care of bonsai trees.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Fruiting Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

How to Plant Bonsai Lemon Tree

Sometimes, you might want to cultivate a bonsai tree with a pleasant aroma and glossy leaves. In such circumstances, your best option would be the lemon tree. It is a citrus tree that can be transformed into bonsai quite easily.

Many bonsai cultivators prefer the lemon tree for its beautiful spring flowers and dark green leaves. You also get a tree variety that can survive under full sunlight, which is incredible. When correctly pruned, your bonsai will produce edible fruit that has similar characteristics to the regular-sized lemon fruit.

Materials Used to Plant Lemon Bonsai

To create the perfect lemon tree bonsai, you will need the following materials:

1. Citrus fruit

You need to pick a citrus fruit that you prefer, including mandarin oranges, Meyer lemons, and limes. However, avoid getting the seedless type because they have been genetically altered. We need to work with an organic fruit to get the best results.

2. Potting soil

With lemon tree bonsai, the regular garden soil in your yard will do just fine. You could, however, go for the prepackaged potting soil if you need to see good results. The prepackaged potting soil contains the right amount of nutrients and doesn’t have any weed seedlings.

3. Container

Ensure that you get a shallow tray or container that is 6 to 12 inches deep.

4. Plant pot

Get a large size plant pot to accommodate your lemon tree bonsai adequately. Ensure that you find a design that suits your indoor environment.

5. Location

Identify a warm location that is close to a window or use your garden. This will depend on whether you want an indoor or outdoor bonsai.

Creating a Lemon Tree Bonsai – Step by Step Procedure

Step 1: Prepare the planter

Start by watering your potting soil adequately, ensuring that it is moist when you touch it. You can then proceed to pack and place the potting soil into the designated tray. Leave a half-inch space at the trim.

Step 2: Grow the seedlings

Take your chosen lemon fruit and cut it into half to take out the seeds. It would help if you then rinsed the seeds using clean water to get rid of any juice or excess fruit pulp. Doing this ensures that fungi or mold do not fester and destroy your plant.

The seeds need to be wet and moist when you plant them in the pre-moistened soil. Place the seeds about half-inch deep in the soil, leaving a space of about 2 inches between them. Cover the area with plastic to ensure that the seeds are kept moist and warm.

Step 3: Select seedling

In about two weeks, you will start noticing sprouts. Remove your plastic cover and take your tray to a spot with sufficient sunlight. The soil needs to be kept moist, but you need to avoid flooding it. In a month, uproot the weak seedlings to leave enough nutrients for the remaining.

After about two months, your seedlings should be fully grown, and you can proceed to select the best for your bonsai.

Step 4: Start planting

Put 2 inches of pebbles at the bottom of your ornamental pot before you start the planting procedure. These small pebbles ensure that your pot has proper drainage. Fill the pot with suitable potting soil and leave a one-inch space at the trim.

Dig up your selected seedling appropriately while avoiding any damages to the roots. Re-plant it in the larger pot and add a few pieces of wood or rocks for artistic purposes.

Step 5: Begin training

Begin training after one year when your seedling is strong enough. This step needs extra care if you want to get all the desired shapes right. Use a metal wire to bend the branch and trunk to the desired positions carefully. You could also use a string to weigh down the trunk and branches.

Step 6: Pruning

You can start pruning six months after training your lemon tree bonsai. Pruning encourages branches to grow out instead of growing up.


A lemon bonsai will keep all the characteristics of a regular lemon tree but in a smaller version. Using the above procedure, you will get a beautiful lemon tree bonsai that is worth the effort. Ensure that you create a watering schedule and carry out regular checkups.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Indoor Bonsai Trees

How To Take Care Of Pine Trees Indoors

One of the most popular bonsai trees is pine. Many people prefer using pine trees as bonsai since they are coniferous and evergreen. The great thing about pine is that you get to shape them however you want.

However, before we start discussing how to take care of pine bonsai indoors, you need to understand a few details. Different pine species are categorized depending on whether they produce one or two growth flushes.

If your pine tree species has two growth flushes, then it can be decandled during early spring. Doing this ensures that your pine will produce a second flush by the start of early summer. However, if your pine produces a single growth flush, then it should not be decandled. You only need to shorten and select candles in such a case.

Positioning Pine Bonsai 

Although pine trees are quite hardy, they need lots of light for proper development. Adequate light will support the healthy growth of your pine. Without proper sunlight, your pine will have more extended needle sizes.

During winter, you may need to install a bonsai lighting system in your home. Since your pine is placed inside a container, it needs to be protected during the winter. Place your pine bonsai next to a large window to ensure that it gets sufficient sunlight.

Watering Your Pine Bonsai

With pine bonsai, you need to ensure that you carry out proper watering. Bonsai pines don’t like an environment with permanent moisture. Having an adequate drainage system will ensure that you don’t over-water your bonsai.

The biggest downside of overwatering is that it will lead to rotting of the roots. One of the most important parts of bonsai cultivation is healthy roots. Rotting roots in pine bonsai can be fatal when not properly handled.

Create a watering schedule to help you keep track of your bonsai’s water needs. Under-watering could also lead to several problems.

Fertilizing Your Pine Bonsai

Healthy pine bonsai need to be fertilized from the start of early spring to the end of autumn. However, weak pine trees have to be fertilized all year round. Only stop fertilizing the weak trees when the temperature drops.

Solid organic fertilizer needs to be applied at 4-week intervals before decandling can be carried out. You will need to stop fertilization once the secondary candle growth starts to harden. Begin the fertilization process in late autumn.

Training Your Pine Bonsai

Training your pine bonsai needs to be done during the early autumn or spring. Using wires for training is pretty straightforward, and you get to shape your pine however you want. Ensure that you conduct training carefully over a set period.

Do not overstrain your pine bonsai during training. Give your pine enough room to recover during the entire process. Training will strain your pine bonsai, which means that you need to be careful. Repotting, on the other side, needs to be done in spring when you notice the buds starting to swell.

Common Pine Bonsai Pests and Diseases

Pines get infected by spider mites, aphids, and caterpillars quite often. Other times, your pine bonsai may be attacked by root rot and fungal diseases. To treat the common pests and diseases that affect pine bonsai, you need to use specific pesticides.

In such situations, seek help from an expert in the field. Pines can deteriorate quickly when exposed to pests and diseases. However, pines tend to be healthy when adequately taken care of.


Pine is, undoubtedly, getting quite popular among many beginners in bonsai cultivators. The beauty of pine bonsai is that you get to create different shapes depending on your desires. However, proper care of your pine bonsai is essential since you are investing a lot of time and effort into the project.

Remember to start by identifying the pine species that you have before carrying out the above practices. Bonsai cultivation requires a lot of patience. It will take a while before you start noticing changes.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Indoor Bonsai Trees

How to Bonsai an Oak Sapling

Oak trees are not the most popular bonsai species. Although oak trees are abundant in Japan, these majestic trees have not yet gained popularity. This is mainly due to the broad leaves that are not suitable when it comes to the art of miniature tree cultivation.

However, if you are thinking of creating a bonsai from an oak sapling, then you have come to the right place. It isn’t as simple as you might think, and you will need to exercise a lot of care. The good news is that the journey is rewarding, making it worth the time and effort.

Growing An Oak Bonsai from Seed Versus Buying a Grown Tree

Not all oak trees make good bonsai due to the occurrence of broad leaves, as stated earlier on. Growing an oak bonsai from seed can, therefore, be quite tricky, since you might not know whether the tree will make a good bonsai or not.

The advantage of using a grown tree is that you get to choose the characteristics that you want. Your bonsai will have similar characteristics to the donor plant. This ensures that you can look for all the traits that you might need in an oak bonsai.

Growing from seed will require cultivation over an extended period. Yes, you might want to start from scratch, but this needs a lot of patience. Growing from seed will take about three or four years more than buying a grown tree.

How to Grow Oak Bonsai From Seed

Growing an oak bonsai from seed can be rather tricky. You will need to plant several seeds and wait patiently for the seedling to emerge. This will take quite a while, making it impractical in many cases. You will then have to choose a healthy seedling to start designing your oak bonsai.

Using oak sapling is the preferred way, according to several experts. In this article, we will focus on using an oak sapling rather than a seed.

How to Grow Oak Bonsai From a Tree

It would help if you started by choosing a wild sapling that is well-rooted and between 6 inches to 12 feet tall. Pick a sapling with the main leader that can bend appropriately without breaking. Then it would help if you started creating your bonsai soil.

Mix peat moss and perlite in an equal ratio to get you the perfect bonsai growing medium. Proceed to repot your tree into a container using your soil.

Use small pruning shears to prune all the vigorous shoots that emerge on the upper tree level. You could always use scissors when you want to achieve precision. Leave all the fragile shoots in place.

Your oak bonsai should start taking shape as a miniature tree without losing its balance. Ensure that you encourage thin growth at the top and thick growth at the bottom.

Use scissors to clip all the leaves apart from those at the end of your branches. This will encourage your tree to bud out close to the trunk. Use aluminum wire to train the leader and branch while leaving a space of about a quarter-inch between the coils. You can then proceed to bend your oak bonsai to whatever shape you need. However, exercise a lot of caution because you don’t want to damage the bark while training.

Prune your branches during the late fall when your bonsai goes into dormancy. Always cut the end nodes on higher branches to encourage growth at the bottom.

Caring for Your Oak After Planting  

Caring for your oak after planting is a simple task once you understand the basic guidelines. Fertilization, watering, and positioning are vital when caring for your oak tree. You need to ensure that you provide adequate water and fertilizer to your bonsai.

Proper position is also vital, especially when you plan on growing your bonsai indoors. You need to ensure that your oak bonsai gets sufficient sunlight and humidity throughout the year.


To effectively bonsai an oak sapling, you need a lot of patience. Proper care is equally important, especially during the early stages. This extensive guide should help you on your transformative journey in bonsai cultivation.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Flowing Bonsai Trees, Fruiting Bonsai Trees

How to Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Few plants are as beautiful as the cherry blossom bonsai. This plant has existed since ancient times. Japan is the primary host of these plants since they are popularly grown there. Cherry blossom bonsai are also grown all over the world, so you need not reside in Japan to enjoy all this beauty. If you want to know more about the cherry blossom bonsai, keep reading this article.

How to Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai from Seeds

If you want to grow cherry blossom bonsai, it is better to use seeds. However, this will result in a longer period of tree development. Ensure that you choose the appropriate type of tree. Note that the kind of tree you choose plays a vital role in planting from scratch. Most trees take approximately 4-5 years to develop a tree trunk of 1 inch with a diameter of 25cm. Therefore, it is appropriate that you make a wise decision regarding choosing the type of tree. For example, statistics show that the Citrus variety does not deliver remarkable performance in Toronto; thus, if you are a Toronto resident, you should avoid choosing Citrus.

It is essential to consider the climate at your home. This is possible if you check the type of trees grown at your residence. You can also opt to purchase online, but remember to go through customer reviews to select the best. 

When you obtain seeds, go ahead and create a standard layer of bonsai soil. After this, place the seeds in the soil, ensuring that there is space between the seeds. Note that this is a long process.

How to Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai from Cuttings

There are only two ways for you to grow cherries: seeds or cuttings. However, growing cherries from cuttings is the easiest way to go. So, how do you grow cherry blossom bonsai from cuttings?

Before growing cherries using cuttings, you must note that there are two types of cherry blossom bonsai. These are:

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium)

Tart (Prunus Cerasus)

This is the stone fruit family. In this case, to get a duplicate of your tree, you need to grow it from a cherry cutting. You must note that sweet and tart cherries’ transmission is through hardwood as well as semi-hardwood cuttings. During the summer season, try to get semi-hardwood cuttings, especially when the wood is not mature enough and soft. On the other hand, you can get hardwood cuttings in dormant seasons, where the wood is mature and hard.

When you have acquired the plant, make sure you fill your plastic pot of 6 inches with clay, mixing it with ½ sphagnum peat moss as well as perlite. Choose a cherry branch with leaves and about 2 to 4 leaf nodes. It should be below the age of 5 years. Cuttings that you make from old trees should be from young branches that have just developed. During this process, use a sterile and sharp pruning shear to cut 10-20cm from a horizontal angle. After this process, dip the end of your cutting in a hormone for rooting. Use your finger to make a hole, put the end of your cutting into the hole and cover it up. Put a plastic bag over the container. Ensure that the container gets sufficient sun with an appropriate temperature. Moreover, keep the soil moist by using a spray bottle twice a day.

After 2-3 months, remove the plastic bag from your container and examine your cutting if it has developed roots. If there is any resistance, repeat the entire process until the roots fill the whole container. When the roots develop fully, transfer your cutting to a gallon container full of soil. Expose the cherry tree to outdoor sunlight and temperature before you do the transplanting to ensure proper germination. Carefully select your area of transplanting. Dig your hole twice the tree size but not deeper. Remove it from your container and make sure you support the trunk using your single hand. Fill the gap with sufficient soil and water it to do away with air pockets around the root balls, and fill it until you cannot see the roots anymore. Moreover, make sure you level the soil to the ground level.

How to Care for Cherry Blossom Bonsai

  • Repotting Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

After 2 to 3 years, repot your cherry blossom bonsai. You can achieve repotting in late winter when your plant is not flowering. Repotting allows your plant to develop compact, strong roots.

  • Sunlight Needed for Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Cherries require maximum sunlight with reduced wind. During winter, it is appropriate that it goes dormant for three months. Additionally, it should also be kept fresh without frost. Place it in a garage to protect it from frost.

  • Fertilizing Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Make sure you fertilize your tree each month once using an organic or liquid fertilizer. You can achieve this efficiently during the period of development. However, do not attempt it during winter when your plant is dormant.

  • Watering Your Cherry Blossom Bonsai

Watering is necessary for any plant. Ensure that your plant gets sufficient water. If you grow your plant where there is direct sunlight, water it well, until water leaks out of the pot.


Based on the above information on how to grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai, you now have a clear understanding of how to plant using seed and cutting. Furthermore, you also know how to care for and maintain the tree. I hope that this information will be of benefit to you in learning how to grow cherry blossom bonsai.