Bonsai trees are a variety of trees that mature when the tree is still tiny. Due to their sensitive nature, these trees are best grown in small containers and require specialized attention. Bonsai trees are classified into two major groups: indoor and outdoor. Deciduous bonsai trees fall into the outdoor group. These outdoor bonsai are identified by the shedding of leaves during the winter. During the winter, outdoor deciduous bonsai trees are kept outside so that the cold weather can help them undergo a dormancy period.
Caring for and maintaining an outdoor deciduous bonsai tree is an art that produces magnificent natural beauty and a deep connection to nature. The following are the recommended steps that one should follow to care for a bonsai tree.
As the name suggests, outdoor deciduous bonsai trees should be planted in small pots outside where they can fully access changes in the weather.
Watering your deciduous bonsai tree should be a careful process. You should use enough water to satisfy your bonsai tree but not so much as to drown the plant.
Fertilizing your deciduous bonsai tree is essential and should be done once a month. Because the bonsai tree is planted in a small pot with only a little soil, you should apply fertilizer with caution. During the winter, do not apply fertilizer, since the outdoor deciduous bonsai tree requires no nutrients during this season.
It is advisable to move your outdoor deciduous bonsai tree to a new environment once in a while. This is because the nutrients in the soil cannot last for long and depreciate with time.
Types of Outdoor Deciduous Bonsai Tree
There are several common varieties of outdoor deciduous bonsai tree grown across the world, including the following:
Like the Elm bonsai tree, the maple tree has many species and varieties. The most common species of maple bonsai trees are the Japanese and trident maple tree. The maple tree was initially grown in Japan and is among the best outdoor deciduous bonsai grown today. Due to its low cost of maintenance, this maple tree is ideal for bonsai beginners. This tree has two distinct characteristics:
1. When young, the bark of this deciduous bonsai tree is green or red; both colors will turn grayish as the maple bonsai tree ages.
2. The maple tree has a predictable growth pattern. From May to the end of June, a cluster of yellowish flowers will form.
The ginkgo bonsai tree is an outdoor deciduous bonsai tree associated with the Chinese and Japanese cultures. The oldest naturally-growing ginkgo tree, located in China, is more than 40 meters tall and approximately 4000 years old. This bonsai tree is dioecious, meaning that there are both female and male varieties. The seed of the ginkgo bonsai tree is edible and is very popular in East Asia. The grain and leaf extracts from this tree are medicinal and are used to treat dementia.
Apricot Bonsai Trees
The Japanese grew apricot trees for their beautiful flowers and edible fruit. This bonsai tree is renowned for its hardy nature that can tolerate deep freezing temperatures. Apricot outdoor deciduous bonsai trees are also known to flower at the end of every winter, and the fruit ripens at the beginning of summer. Apricot trees have a definite life span of about nine years, and they grow to a height of about seventeen to eighteen inches.
Elm Bonsai Trees
The Chinese Elm bonsai species is one of the most popular elm varieties in East Asia. Though this tree can grow to a height of sixty-five feet in its natural habitat, it is a favorite of bonsai growers. It has a predictable growth pattern and does not dry quickly, even when poorly pruned. It is also semi-deciduous, meaning that it can grow well either indoors or outdoors; it is a good choice for bonsai beginners.
Outdoor deciduous bonsai tree planting is mostly practiced in East Asia, but it is spreading slowly to other continents. This process is an art form that connects a person to nature, and the result is beautiful. Outdoor deciduous bonsai trees can be planted for their beauty as well as their medicinal properties, and when they are well taken care of, they can last for generations.