Bonsai General Info

Bonsai History

The bonsai tradition we know and love is in no way a new concept. Bonsai has been around for thousands of years, being refined and perfected into the art we know today. Although it has become increasingly popular in the Western world, bonsai started out in China then made its way to Japan around a thousand years ago. The first trees planted in shallow containers were not even called bonsai trees until Japan adopted the Penjing tradition in China. Japan took the Chinese tradition and made it their own. 

Bonsai History in China

Around 5,000 years ago, people in China began creating shallow bowls made of clay. Fast forward about one thousand years later. At this time, during the Chinese Bronze Age, these shallow pottery dishes were chosen to be recreated in bronze for political and religious ceremonies. As you may know, the main goal of growing a bonsai is to create a miniaturized tree that replicates nature. This wasn’t implemented until about 2,300 years ago, and was created as a result of the Chinese Five Agents Theory. At first, the creations people made through bonsai were replicas of things like mountains, instead of trees. It was said that the smaller the piece was, the more magical it was. 

The earliest documented shallow dish was from 706 AD. Called “pun wan,” meaning tray playthings, they can be seen on Crown Prince Zhang Huai’s tomb paintings. The trees housed in the containers were oddly shaped and twisted in unflattering angles. Instead of being shunned or disliked, these unusually shaped trees were considered sacred because they could not be used for anything else. 

This tradition did evolve over time in China. The pottery used for making these dishes changed into porcelain dishes placed on wood stands. Wiring, using brass wire or lead strips, became popular. Miniature landscapes became a popular feature in many poems, literature, and paintings. In the 16th century, these pieces were named “pun tsai.” The name we now use, Penjing, meaning tray landscape, didn’t come around until the 17th century. 

Japan Adapts Bonsai Traditions

Before a name was assigned to the modern day tradition we love, the landscapes the Chinese created were brought to Japan as religious souvenirs around twelve hundred years ago. The Japanese believed that leaving a tree to grow naturally is crude, and instead, the trees should be cared for closely by humans.

budo and bonsai

Around 800 years ago, the first graphic images portraying landscapes in shallow containers in Japan were made. Many of the Chinese traditions were adapted by the Japanese, including Chinese Chan Buddhism, which turned into Zen Buddhism in Japan. Zen monks often created landscapes that were said to represent the universe. In addition to mini landscapes, folktales were also expressed through this tradition. 

By the eighteenth century, everyone had a tree in a container. Shows in the trees’ honor were held every year in Kyoto, where connoisseurs would bring a tree or two to the show to be judged. During this time, a name was finally put forth to distinguish this shallow container tradition from the non-shallow container of hachi-no-ki. This name, of course, was Bonsai. 

Over the course of the following century, bonsai became increasingly popular and publicized. Books were published, tools specifically made for bonsai were developed, wire used for wiring the trees was changed to copper and iron wire, and specialized shallow bonsai pots were produced in China. After the Pacific War, bonsai became even more popular through magazines, books, and classes dedicated to the tradition. 

Bonsai is no longer known as a pastime popular with the elderly. Recently, younger generations have come to realize bonsai is a beautiful, easy tradition anyone can join in on.

Bonsai Migration into the West

Growing small trees on coral became popular in the Philippines in the year 1604. However, the first known English sighting of a tree planted in a small container was in 1637. Travelers would visit Japan and come back to England with their accounts of these tree growing traditions. 

Books published about bonsai were primarily in Japanese until 1902, when a bonsai book in France was published. Next came an English publication in 1930. In 1957, an American bonsai book was written by John Naka. 

Bonsai development continued in Western countries. The foundation for bonsai growing stayed the same, but Western countries developed new techniques that would then be brought back to Japan through travelers or teachers. 

The internet has helped further the spread of bonsai knowledge. The first bonsai website was created in 1992. There are now hundreds of websites dedicated to bonsai. 

Bonsai, or traditions related to it, have been around for thousands of years. It all started in China, with the art of Penjing. The Japanese took inspiration from traditions like Penjing and made it their own. Bonsai wasn’t given an official name until the eighteen hundreds. The name was created to distinguish the art of growing trees in a shallow container from the similar tradition of hachi-no-ki, which involved trees planted in containers that were not shallow. Bonsai was brought into the Western countries where it was further refined into the art form that we know today.

Bonsai General Info

Everything You Need To Know About Bonsai Trees

Origin and Meaning of Bonsai Trees

Bonsai trees are of Japanese origin and are rooted deep in the Japanese culture. The art involved in crafting bonsai trees is an old tradition among the Japanese people. The term bonsai simply means “Planting on a low pot.” Although tending to and gardening bonsai trees originated from Japan, it has now spread like wildfire and is highly practiced in other parts of the world, such as China and Vietnam.

The Art of Cultivating Bonsai Trees 

Bonsai tree growing is a big task, including both the art involved in it and commitment and discipline as well. Each gardener has to work hard in tending their specific bonsai trees. It becomes more than just work for the gardeners; it becomes part of their lives that they look forward to. Each time a gardener perfectly performs the art of shaping and training the bonsai trees, a tinge of pride and satisfaction runs deep through their bodies and souls. This not only applies to the gardeners, but also to any other human that finds themselves surrounded by properly grown bonsai trees. Bonsai trees give life meaning. They help us appreciate life and all it has to offer. We get to respect and take care of our environment and appreciate beauty as well.

The Sacred Symbolism of Bonsai and Other Trees

Trees are among the many living things present in the world. Almost every aspect of our lives relies heavily on trees for continuity. Therefore, every person should view a tree as a living and essential thing and treat it with care. For a long time, different cultures and religions have associated trees with sacredness. The Egyptians, for example, valued their trees as they considered them to carry religious significance. Some religions held prayers under the trees due to the solitude and peace they provided. Some trees are known to live for decades, longer than our grandparents managed to. Such trees have seen, heard, and sensed a lot of things during their lifetimes compared to what any human being has experienced. 

The Primary Purpose of Bonsai Trees

Bonsai trees offer a peaceful and calm atmosphere any time someone sees them. It makes one peaceful, hopeful, and full of positivity. Bonsai trees may never speak, but they pass a message of hope, harmony, and other positive feelings that no word can ever be fit to describe.

Taking Time to Understand Bonsai Deeply

Every time you think of cultivating bonsai trees, picture a piece of art and what it does to your heart. With such a thought, you will quickly understand how hard a task it is to care for a bonsai tree and why it is such a valued tree. The bonsai tree is like a hidden treasure: no one knows its value, except for those looking for it. The time spent creating the masterpiece that is a bonsai tree is time used to instill virtues and useful life skills in those participating in bonsai. Nurturing and taking care of a bonsai tree demands more than a skill or a hobby; it requires virtues that give an individual a chance to grow, understand life, and live a harmonious life.

Japanese Philosophy in the Art of Bonsai

budo and bonsai

It is a common human habit to rush from one thing to the next quickly. This trait has resulted in many people missing opportunities and failing to see the beauty of various things in life. Fortunately, the Japanese people do not fall in this category; they take their time to observe things and have an eye for detail. These two qualities are a reason the art of bonsai trees is now known and practised far and wide throughout the world.

The Buddha Presence in the Cultivation of Bonsai Trees

The Buddha believed that what you think, you become. Bonsai trees bring meaning to our existence as they dig deep into our conscience and awaken it. An awakened conscience knows no fear or judgment but only knows of the wholeness that exists in connecting with nature.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How To Protect Bonsai In Winter

Bonsai growers should know how to manage bonsai during winter. Proper bonsai care is an unquestionable requirement in order to help your bonsai thrive. With that in mind, you should remember that the winter is the time for your tree to rest. In this post, you’ll get familiar with how to protect your bonsai during cold atmospheres or winter time. Let’s get started! 

What Kinds of Bonsai Trees Need Protection in the Winter? 

We have four types of bonsai trees divided in terms of cold hardiness: 

  • Semi-Tropical Bonsai trees

The semi-tropical trees can endure moderate ice and cooler temperature for a short timeframe. 

  • Tropical Bonsai trees

These bonsai trees should be protected during winter, and they can be taken indoors. 

  • Hard Bonsai trees 

The hard bonsai can endure extraordinary cold without causing physical damage. 

These trees can handle cold temperature without doing any damage to the roots. 

Setting Up Your Bonsai For Winter 

  • Prior to winter 

It is advisable to put the bonsai tree outside to get an ideal daylight exposure required for growth before encountering the dormancy time frame. Let the bonsai adequately prepare for its dormancy period by fertilizing it. Abstain from pruning the parts of the bonsai two months before the cold season as it may not have adequate time to heal, making the tree powerless. 

  • During winter 

During the dormancy time frame, you may transfer outdoor bonsai trees to a cold, dull location. Hard species can be left outside as long as they have satisfactory protection. When growing indoors, it isn’t necessary to give your tree too much light as long as the temperature is about 50 degrees. Permit your bonsai tree to experience the early stick to trigger its cool hardiness system; this will ensure that it does freeze if the temperature drops. 

In case you prefer not to leave your bonsai outdoors, you can put it in a fridge to give it the required conditions. The correct fridge temperature for bonsai is between 35 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. 

  • After winter 

When there are no indications of intense cold that may damage the roots, you may set your tree directly in the soil in your garden or, in the event that you want to transplant it, in a gig container. Prune it to bring forth the natural beauty of your bonsai. 

How to Protect Your Bonsai During the Winter 

  1. Cover your tree 

Cover your tree with fabric or newspaper folded over the outside of the bonsai. Plastic and other coverings effectively direct temperature and promote heat. When the sun rises, remove the fabric and the plastic immediately to keep leaves from getting burned. 

  1. Know the right bonsai species for you 

Know your bonsai species so that you can determine whether you should put it in or out during winter. In the event that you are growing a tropical bonsai, shift it to a nursery, since it anticipates a warm temperature. 

  1. Give enough lighting 

Growing light is essential for your tree to achieve its maximum growth. It is advisable to put the bonsai close to the window so that it can still get daylight; thus, it should not need too much UV light from the grow lights. 

  1. Proper watering 

When growing outdoors, make a point to watch proper watering. Recollect that your bonsai won’t need much water during the dormancy time frame. 

  1. Deal with the root system of your tree 

When the bonsai sheds its leaves, it keeps its food in the roots.That is the reason why you should ensure that the roots are well taken care of. 

  1. Check your tree for pests on a regular basis

The dormancy time frame is the perfect time for you to check if your bonsai is already plagued with the pest for early detection and treatment. 


Proper information on how to take great care of your bonsai during winter is essential. Bonsai trees, even the hardy ones, are versatile as they develop indoors or outdoors. All that will depend on conditions you are going to provide mostly in winter.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How to Revive Bonsai Tree with Leaves Falling Off

Bonsai tree cultivation is, undoubtedly, one of the most profound pleasures that you could engage in at home. However, it is not always a bed of roses, and you will encounter challenges before becoming a professional.

Taking care of your bonsai tree will involve a considerable learning curve, especially when it is your first time. One of the challenges that you are bound to experience is leaves falling off your bonsai tree. If you are wondering how to revive a bonsai tree with leaves falling off, then you have come to the right place.

In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the causes of leaves falling off your bonsai tree and the solutions available. 

Causes and Solutions of Falling Bonsai Tree leaves

1. Under-watering or overwatering

bonsai watering

Did you know that both under-watering or overwatering your bonsai tree will lead to leaves falling? You need to water your bonsai tree only when the soil feels slightly dry. Touch the soil to determine whether your tree needs watering.

Poor quality soil and lack of a watering schedule are the leading causes of under-watering or overwatering. If your soil retains water, then it might feel dry to the touch while it is soaking wet at the bottom.

Soil that retains water will lead to root rot after a prolonged period. Dealing with root rot can be rather challenging. However, the root rot problem can be addressed with the application of plant powder and essential oil.

When you suspect that your bonsai tree is losing leaves due to overwatering and poor-quality soil, you need to let the soil dry out. Be careful when doing this because you don’t want the soil to dry out completely. You can then reduce the amount of water you usually give your bonsai tree.

However, if you suspect that the problem is caused by under-watering, then you need to rehydrate your bonsai tree. It is also a great idea to mist your stem and leaves regularly to help your bonsai tree absorb water while the roots are healing.

Do not overwater your bonsai tree to compensate for under-watering. This will usually lead to water stress that is rather lethal. Instead, pour water frequently until your bonsai tree recovers fully. Create a watering schedule to ensure you give your bonsai tree adequate time to recover.

2. Exposure to lower or higher temperatures than required

An indoor bonsai tree requires room temperature that should not exceed 27 degrees Celsius or fall below 15 degrees Celsius. For outdoor bonsai trees, you need to research the specific plant specimen temperature requirements.

Deciduous bonsai trees will lose leaves during the autumn-winter period. This is an everyday occurrence that shouldn’t worry you. Understanding your plant species should help you determine the expected changes at different periods.

3. Stress

Trees are creatures of habit, meaning that environmental stress will lead to loss of leaves. Constantly shifting the position of your bonsai tree can lead to stress due to the variable shifts in air penetration.

Changing the position of your bonsai tree frequently is not recommended. You can consider using an artificial grow lighting system for indoor bonsai tree cultivation. Remember that certain areas in your room don’t get enough direct sunlight exposure.

Look for the perfect spot that guarantees sufficient sunlight and air penetration. Do not shift your bonsai tree around your home regularly. Once you place your bonsai tree at the right place, then give it time to recover.

4. Wrong fertilization

Are you using fast-acting fertilizers or slow-release nutrients for your bonsai tree? The wrong method of fertilization will lead to the loss of leaves. Sometimes the problem might be that you are not using any fertilizer.

When buying fertilizer, ensure that you check the label carefully. This should help you determine whether that fertilizer is right for your bonsai tree.

5. Disease or pests

Pests and diseases will lead to loss of leaves on a large scale. The good news is that you can easily spot disease or pests. Once you spot the problem, then research the correct solution to use. Use a magnifying glass to help you spot any pests or disease signs on your bonsai tree.


You need patience, consistency, and determination when dealing with leaves falling off your bonsai tree. Dealing with this problem is rather simple once you identify the cause. Do not be in a rush and always give your miniature tree time to recover.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

How to Thicken Bonsai Branches

Bonsai trees are ornamental and artificially dwarfed types of trees. Usually, they are grown and propagated in a pot or a container. When cultivating these trees, many gardeners face one challenge: weak and narrow branches. The process of thickening bonsai tree branches entails sacrificing some branches. It depends on the part of the branch you want to thicken, whether that is the lower part or upper part of the branch. Carefully select the sacrificial branch that you will allow to grow and thicken. When the select bonsai branch has grown and thickened, then cut it off. The gardener should repeat this procedure continuously for better results.

The Importance of Thickening Branches

The following are some of the importance or benefits of thickening bonsai tree branches.

  • Thickness

Thickening the branches gives a bonsai tree an artistic reflection of age and strength. Proper thickening of branches and trunk provides a bonsai with a natural look. Thick branches in a bonsai tree will also look young or like a caricatured reflection of a real tree.

  •  Easy to trim and prune

Pruning contributes significantly to the structural end shape of a bonsai tree branch. A healthy bonsai tree with a thick branch has no problem coping with pruning. It is advisable to conduct maintenance pruning regularly or once every growing season, depending on the variety of bonsai tree you have. Trimming helps the bonsai tree branches to distribute growth evenly and thickly. Pruned bonsai branches are visible and easy to study.

  • Tree Size

The selection of the bonsai tree’s branch size should be done with the design in mind; the gardener wants to shape his bonsai tree. When the bonsai tree is substantial, the gardener has less work to tend to, but it is very difficult to groom and grow. Selecting the right tree size will always motivate you to maintain it.

  • Help in refining your work

Bonsai tree gardeners who have thickened their branches should be open to criticism annually. It makes gardeners refine and improve their skills. 

  • Strong structure

When the branches are of considerable thickening, they give your bonsai tree a robust structure. To maintain a good structure, you should water and fertilize your tree adequately as well.


Tapering is a technique to improve the thickness of a bonsai tree. Naturally, any growing tree should be thicker on the base than on the top of the tree. This characteristic is not exceptional on bonsai trees. Tapering helps in improving any irregularity that may occur when your bonsai tree is growing. Tapering increases the level of nutrient intake in the branches by enhancing the natural structure of the bonsai tree trunk.

How to Taper to Thicken Branches

Left to themselves, the branches of most bonsai are too thin. Here are several ways that you can use tapering to thicken bonsai branches.

  •  Sacrificial branches

One of the ways to taper to thicken branches is by growing sacrificial branches on the tree. Allowing branches in a bonsai tree to grow wildly without trimming until the branches attain the proper thickness is a suitable method of developing proper taper. Once the branches achieve adequate depth, they should cut and shorten them. For the best taper result, you start with the highest branches in the canopy and move down.

  •  Bend To Grow

It is a suitable method to thicken branches of a bonsai tree. This technique will bend the main branches downwards while bending the sub-branches upwards. After some months, this technique gives the branches a lovely taper, as the main branches will thicken faster than the sub-branches. Once you achieve the desired thickness, you should trim off the main branch.

  •  Cutting the branches

It is one of the best ways to thicken your tree branches and achieve a gentle taper. First, cut along the branch at a point where it has the thickness you want the branch to make. After cutting, you wait until the branch starts shooting sub-branches. You then wire up the sub-branches together to get a thick branch.


The shape of a bonsai tree branch and trunk is meant to catch your eye. Thickening your bonsai tree branch gives excellent results when the tree is still young. Proper maintenance of the bonsai tree improves its branches and protects it from drying.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Tree Care Basics

Stratification of Bonsai Seeds

While some seeds sprout immediately in suitable conditions, other species may take quite a process to grow. Most seed species require careful preparation and storage right before they are set to germinate. Stratification and scarification are two common preparative steps before growing most of the bonsai seeds. Stratification refers to subjecting seeds to cold temperatures to snap them from dormancy. On the other hand, scarification comes with the soaking of seeds under room temperature water for some time, usually a day or two. So, where do we start while growing a bonsai from seeds?

Choosing the Kind of Bonsai You Want to Grow

The choice of the bonsai tree you wish to grow is yours to make. However, I recommend buying seeds from a reputable dealer for the best results on bonsai trees. It is best to choose seeds that would easily adapt to your environment. Some of the common tree species to choose from include pine, birch, fir, cedar, and maple. Notably, most of the trees in these species are easy to grow.

Preparation of the Seeds

As noted earlier, not every seed is ready to sprout at any given time and in any given condition. Therefore, you need to prepare the seeds before planting them. Before purchasing any seeds for planting, one should always seek some information on the particular seeds. The basic preparation steps for seeds include scarification and stratification before planting. So, what are these two processes?

Scarification and Stratification of Bonsai Seeds

Many of the seeds we know respond promptly to the seasonal changes, surviving a cold winter and sprouting into beautiful seedlings during spring. However, other seeds will never do so since they sense neither a warm nor a cold season. Scarification and stratification of seeds are an artificial way to mimic the seasons, helping seeds reach dormancy. So, what are the steps in each of the seed preparation procedures?

Processes of Scarification and Stratification of Seeds

The process of seed scarification involves soaking the seeds in water for about a day or two. I recommend that you check the specific time limit for the seeds you wish to plant. You will note that some of the seeds have a hard shell or coating over them. Therefore, you need to scratch the hard shell with a pin to expose the white layer.

The following step is to soak the seeds in water under room temperature as per the seed’s scarification needs.

Any seeds that float on the water should be removed and disposed of since floating is an indication that the shell might be empty; hence, no germination would occur. After the soaking time elapses, this marks the beginning of the stratification period. Here it would help if you planted your seeds in soft bedding such as peat moss. Water the peat moss, ensuring it is moist, and place it in a resealable plastic bag together with the seeds. 

Finally, place the seeds in a refrigerator for the specified time, usually a month to six months. Any sprouting seed is ready to be planted in the soil.

Caring for the Seeds After Germination

After transferring your germinating seeds to a larger pot, care for them properly. Care for the seeds after germination normally follows the care tips for bonsai trees. Some of the tips include regular watering, exposure to sunlight and warmth, and feeding the tree. Overwatering and underwatering should be avoided, and you should give the little plant adequate sunlight exposure. Feeding the plant may start anywhere between five to six months after planting or as per recommendations for the subject bonsai tree.


Growing the perfect bonsai tree takes effort and patience. To make sure you have the right process, evaluate your choice of bonsai tree and the preparation of the seeds. However, even more important is the post-germination care for your already sprouted and planted bonsai plant. Your bonsai will thrive if you complete all steps of planting and care in the right way.

Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Flowing Bonsai Trees, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

How To Grow Japanese Wisteria Bonsai

Many bonsai enthusiasts love shrubs and vines that highlight flowers rather than branches or foliage of the plant. The wisteria or the Wisteria frutescens grows in the United States Department of Agriculture hardiness zone 6 to 9. Furthermore, it is considered the most popular vine when it comes to growing bonsai. The Japanese wisteria bonsai displays some beautiful purple flowers which tend to bloom up to 12’’. This means that it is best to grow wisteria as large plants (2 to 3 feet tall for a perfect visual balance). In this article, we shall be discussing how to grow Japanese wisteria bonsai.

How to Grow Japanese Wisteria Bonsai

· Create softwood cutting from the wisteria plant during summer when growing a new bonsai. It is highly recommended to cut the softwood root when the temperature is above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

· Once that is done, you will take the shoot and plant it in a bigger container. By doing so, you will be giving the roots ample space to extend as time progresses. You will then place your container in partial shade; this will allow the branches and trunk to thicken. You will move it to a bonsai pot once the plant has aged and thickened.

· If you desire a new shape, you will start styling your bonsai’s trunk using a wire; you should perform this process with utmost care. It is best to start training it when its root system is well established. It would be best if you shaped the branches by pruning it only. When not cared for, the branches can snap easily despite having a pliable feeling.

· You will transfer your wisteria bonsai tree to a larger container. Use the soil that was used in growing the bonsai when it has grown to 2 feet tall. Your bonsai should have an older tree resemblance despite it being a miniature.

· As you repot your bonsai tree, you should consider pruning the old dead roots along with some live new roots for it to fit perfectly in your pot. By doing so, you will be putting it in a mature, growing phase, which tends to encourage more flowering and produce less vegetation.

· Once the flowering has finished, you should consider repotting your bonsai each year. Most bonsai trees are repotted in early spring prior to new growth. However, when you repot wisteria earlier, it will suffer significantly.

Where to Position Your Japanese Wisteria

It would be best if you considered placing your Japanese wisteria in the shade. However, ensure that it has access to sunlight, especially during morning and evening hours.

Watering Your Japanese Wisteria

Japanese wisteria bonsai requires an excellent water supply when growing, particularly before and after the blooming cycle. Consider setting the pot in a tray of water; this will allow the tree to take the amount of water it requires. Once the topsoil becomes wet, the tray should be removed.

Fertilizing Your Japanese Wisteria 

Japanese wisterias are considered some of the greatest feeders when it comes to bonsai. However, it would be best if you feed your tree with a low nitrogen fertilizer since they trap their nitrogen from the atmosphere. You will promote foliar growth when you feed it nitrogen-rich fertilizer. 

Training Your Japanese Wisteria 

You can train your Japanese wisteria to come up with a shape that will best suit your needs. To do this, you will require performance wiring. By doing so, you will be able to create the desired style and shape; however, this should be done before the blooming phase is complete.

Common Japanese Wisteria Pests and Diseases

There is no doubt that wisteria is a hardy and fast-growing tree; however, it is prone to root rot. Usually, this occurs when the tree is exposed to excess moisture. To prevent this from occurring, you should consider watering your plant when the soil is dry. In addition to that, Japanese wisteria tends to suffer fungal infections such as powdery mildew and leaf spot. To prevent this, you should consider removing the affected leaves early enough. 


Growing a Japanese wisteria bonsai tree is relatively easy; by following the above-discussed tips, you will be able to grow one with the utmost ease. As we conclude this article, we hope that it has been of great help to grow the Japanese wisteria bonsai tree.

Bonsai Species, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Indoor Bonsai Trees, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

Juniper Bonsai Sun Requirements

juniper bonsai

Juniper bonsai is by far the most popular evergreen miniature tree in the United States. This is because the tree features one of the most beautiful designs. Juniper bonsai includes more than 50 different species, with Needle juniper and Chinese juniper bonsai trees being some of the most popular. In addition to their popularity, taking care of these bonsai trees is relatively easy.

Light is an essential requirement in plants’ life, and bonsai are no different. As a result, in this article, we shall be discussing Juniper bonsai sun requirements.

Juniper Bonsai Sun Requirements

Juniper bonsai requires more than four hours of sunlight a day. Therefore, you should consider placing it in a location where it has ample access to sunlight. It is highly advisable to place your juniper bonsai outside throughout the year. However, during the winter season, you should consider protecting your juniper bonsai once the temperature drops below -10 degrees Celsius or 14 degrees Fahrenheit.

Some juniper bonsai species tend to change foliage color in frosty seasons to purple-brown; this is said to be its frost protection mechanism. Their foliage will turn back to green during the spring season. It would be best if you always kept in mind that juniper bonsai require an ample supply of sunlight (not less than four hours a day).

Juniper Bonsai: Indoor or Outdoor? 

Should juniper bonsai be kept indoors or outdoors? This is a question most individuals with juniper bonsai tend to ask themselves. Since juniper bonsai require ample supply of sunlight, it is highly recommended to place your bonsai outside; this will allow it to have the maximum supply needed for sunlight per day. However, you might consider bringing your bonsai indoors during special occasions so you can display it in a prominent place. Ensure that your bonsai does not remain indoors for over a few days at a time. This is because the atmosphere is one of the greatest detriments to your bonsai’s health. 

Where to Place the Juniper Bonsai in Your Yard

How To Care For a Juniper Bonsai Tree

By now, you probably have understood that juniper is an incredible miniature tree, and it is best grown outdoors. Therefore, you should consider placing your miniature tree in your yard, and it has to be maintained during cold winter seasons. To do this, you might consider burying your miniature tree in the ground (best done without a pot) until to its rim and then mulch it up to the first branch. You might also consider placing your juniper bonsai in a shed or unheated garage. Usually, during the winter season, juniper bonsai do not require sunlight since they are in a dormant state. You will, however, continue watering the tree for two weeks.

During summer, spring and fall, the juniper bonsai should be placed in your yard; ensure that it is in a location where it can access sunlight in the morning and evening and shade during the afternoon. 

How Many Hours of Light do Juniper Bonsai Need?

Juniper bonsai requires a minimum of four hours of sunlight per day; this aids in improving its development and enhances photosynthesis significantly. To achieve ample sunlight, it is best to have your juniper bonsai in your yard. Place it in an open location where it can get both morning and evening sunlight. Nevertheless, you should consider shading it in the afternoon, especially during summer times, when the temperatures are high.

In addition to four hours of sunlight a day, ensure that the soil used in growing your juniper bonsai is relatively dry. Ensure your tree is outside and in the brightest spot where it will receive ample supply of sunlight throughout the day. 


Despite it being a great idea to have your juniper bonsai placed in a place with ample supply of sunlight, it is highly advisable to place it in a place where it will enjoy the afternoon shade. This is highly essential, especially during summer seasons. By doing so, you will significantly increase its chances of survival and improve its health. Therefore, ensure that it gets exposed to sunlight as early as possible and allow it to enjoy both morning and evening sunlight when the temperatures are not that high. As we conclude, we hope that this article has been of great benefit when it comes to juniper bonsai sun requirements.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai Species, Outdoor Bonsai Trees, Uncategorized

Cotoneaster Bonsai Leaves Turning Brown

Proper care is vital in bonsai tree cultivation because it ensures healthy and beautiful growth. When your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves start turning brown, then you must be doing something wrong. Brown leaves are a clear indication that your Cotoneaster bonsai is having a hard time.

Your bonsai tree needs immediate attention whenever you notice the stem or leaves turning brown. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the reasons behind the brown leaves and the steps you need to take to revive your precious Cotoneaster bonsai.

Causes of Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Before we start reviving your Cotoneaster bonsai tree, we need to take a look at the common causes of browning leaves. 

Cotoneaster trees are a deciduous plant with dark green leaves that turn yellow, red, and orange during the autumn season. With adequate care, your bonsai should remain beautiful and healthy for many years. The beauty of Cotoneaster bonsai increases as your tree matures. It can, therefore, be stressful when you start noticing the beauty of your bonsai fading. Let us take a look at some of the reasons why your bonsai leaves might be turning brown.

Over-watering Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Most beginners in bonsai tree cultivation make the colossal mistake of over-watering. In some cases, individuals tend to think that a lot of water is essential in the healthy growth of bonsai trees. Yes, your bonsai tree needs water, but not excessive amounts.

Why does over-watering cause browning leaves in Cotoneaster bonsai? Well, the water gets trapped, thereby leading to the rotting of the roots. You have probably learned by now that you need a healthy root system when it comes to bonsai tree cultivation.

When the roots start rotting, your cotoneaster bonsai will begin to wilt and eventually die if something is not done. The browning of the leaves is among the first indications of a dying tree. Not enough water and nutrients are getting to your steam and leaves due to the rotting roots.

Under-watering Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Under-watering will also result in browning of your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves. This scenario usually happens when individuals forget to water their trees over prolonged periods. You should not let your Cotoneaster bonsai soil dry out for extended periods.

You need to evaluate your bonsai tree’s water requirement and adjust the watering schedule appropriately. Take your time to determine how often your Cotoneaster bonsai needs watering and the amount of water required.

Lack of sufficient water will lead to a dried-up trunk and browning of the leaves. Ensure that you monitor the water requirement of your Cotoneaster bonsai to help you make a consistent watering schedule. Understand that a watering schedule that works for another individual might not work for you.

Low Light Causing Browning Leaves in Cotoneaster Bonsai

Bonsai trees need sufficient light, just like all other trees. The fact that you have your bonsai tree indoors does not mean that you shouldn’t provide enough light. Browning of Cotoneaster bonsai leaves will start when there is insufficient sunlight.

Morning sunlight and afternoon shade are the ideal conditions for your Cotoneaster bonsai during the spring, fall, and summer. Place your Cotoneaster bonsai on a bench or table to ensure that it receives a sufficient amount of sunlight.

Low light will cause browning leaves in Cotoneaster bonsai within a short period. Most people have the wrong notion that indoor plants don’t need direct sunlight. The Cotoneaster bonsai particularly needs a lot of sunlight, especially during summer and spring.

How to Revive Cotoneaster Bonsai from Browning Leaves

1. Identify the cause

To revive Cotoneaster bonsai from browning leaves, you need to start by identifying the problem. Determining the root cause of the browning leaves will help you find the best solution to the problem. Start by inspecting your bonsai tree to spot any signs of pest infestation.

Look for any signs that might point to under-watering or over-watering. You must also inspect the position of your Cotoneaster bonsai to determine whether there is sufficient lighting.

2. Trim the dead spots

Trim all the dead spots to encourage new growth in your Cotoneaster bonsai tree. Use trimming shears to get rid of all the affected regions.

3. Treat your bonsai

bonsai watering

Once you have determined the cause of the browning leaves, then you need to start treating the problem. In the case of pests and diseases, ensure that you use an organic or gentle insecticide. Change your watering schedule in situations where under-watering or over-watering was the cause of the browning leaves.

4. Give it time

Your Cotoneaster bonsai will need some time to heal. You must exercise patience while maintaining a regular watering schedule. The healing process is slow, but your bonsai will eventually start thriving.


Browning of your Cotoneaster bonsai leaves can be caused by different reasons, including environmental factors, watering schedule, and nutrient issues. This tutorial should help you identify the problem and solve it quickly.

Bonsai Care, Bonsai General Info, Bonsai Tree Care Basics, Uncategorized

Why Do My Bonsai Keep Dying?

Bonsai trees can be quite challenging to care for, even for experienced gardeners. Being miniature trees, bonsai are prone to all kinds of problems. Many beginners tend to ask why their bonsai trees keep dying.

Bonsai trees need some special attention due to their delicate nature. As a beginner, start by familiarizing yourself with different conditions that affect regular trees. Then it would help if you worked on learning the basic bonsai care guidelines. Understand that it takes years to shape and train a bonsai, but only a few seconds can kill your bonsai tree.

We need to take a long look at some of the common reasons why your bonsai trees might be dying. This article should help you identify common problems that lead to the death of bonsai trees. We will also help you understand how to deal with different situations.

Watering Problems Causing Death in Bonsai

Wilted or dry leaves and the yellowing of the leaves may be as a result of overwatering. When the yellowing of leaves begins, you need to reduce the amount of water you give your bonsai. Most people don’t understand that overwatering will lead to root rot in the long run.

Ensure that you only water your bonsai when required. According to several experts, it is easier to revive a bonsai tree affected by under-watering than overwatering. Yes, your bonsai needs sufficient water, but that doesn’t mean that you should provide too much.

Now, overwatering might also be a result of poor soil or containers. Understand that poor draining soil will have a high water retention rate. Ensure that you repot your bonsai in well-draining soil before adjusting your watering schedule.

How Light Can Cause Death in Bonsai

Most beginners don’t usually grasp the importance of adequate light to their bonsai tree. Typically, your bonsai will start shrinking when placed in low light conditions. When not correctly dealt with, a lack of light will lead to the death of your bonsai.

Your miniature tree needs a minimum of six hours a day of sunlight for proper development. Understand that light will also dictate the amount of moisture in the air. Too much humidity will lead to mold infestation.

With mold infestation, you will start noticing white fuzzy spots on stems and leaves of your bonsai. You must place your bonsai in a location with just the right amount of sunlight and humidity levels.

Lack of Fertilizer Can Kill Bonsai

Imbalance of nutrients will often lead to discolored leaves.  Without the proper nutrients, your bonsai gets weak and slowly dies. Most of the time, individuals don’t notice an imbalance in nutrients until it’s too late.

You need to conduct a soil test immediately when you notice leaves turning dark green or brown. Your soil may also contain toxins, which means that you have to wash them out using water. Toxic soil is a common occurrence, especially for beginners.

To get on the safe side, you might need to repot your bonsai. Once you are done repotting, ensure that you provide sufficient water to your bonsai. Apply a balanced fertilizer once your bonsai is fully recovered and healthy.

Improper Placement Killing Your Bonsai

Location is critical when it comes to the healthy growth of your bonsai tree. However, finding the right spot can prove to be rather challenging, especially when indoors. Understand that your miniature tree needs the same conditions as regular trees.

Improper placement of your bonsai tree will lead to an imbalance in several factors, including light and moisture. When indoors, you might want to consider using artificial lighting.

Sometimes, your outdoor bonsai might be placed in a location infested with pests and diseases. It is useless to treat your bonsai if you leave it in an infested area. Relocating your bonsai is your best option in such situations.

Choose a sunny spot with good air circulation. Ensure that the moisture levels in the new location are adequate.


Bonsai cultivation can be rather tricky, especially when you are a beginner. Ensure that you conduct regular checkups every month. Getting in front of the problem is always the best solution when taking care of bonsai trees.